Class group for ETHN104, Winter Quarter 2019
Week 5 photo share
February 4, 2019 at 1:51 pm #3777
Please submit your image and brief summary to reflect on week 4’s theme: <b>segregation and education</b>. Remember to include photographer/artist name (or source) and date of the image.
February 8, 2019 at 10:44 am #3788
The photo I chose to share for this week is from an article about Canada confronting their past history. The photo comes from the residential Indian schools many children were forced into in Canada. In the article, a women discusses her experience in these residential schools, “I was thrown into a cold shower every night, sometimes after being raped”. She was snatched from her family in 1972 and was physically and sexually abused within the school while being forced into Christianity and English language. I chose this photo because when we think of Canada we think of peaceful people, while it does contain a dark history that performed a form of cultural genocide.
<p style=”margin: 0in; font-family: Calibri; font-size: 11.0pt;”>https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/06/canada-dark-of-history-residential-schools</p>
February 8, 2019 at 3:15 pm #3792
The photo I chose this week depicts the U.S. Secretary of Education, Betty DeVos, greeting mostly black parents and children at a rally for the promotion of school choice programs in January of 2017. Currently being championed by the Republican party, the current school choice program is rooted in racist and segregationist ideals. One of the most obvious displays of this, the article outlines, is that “when choice options exist, only students whose families can research those options, navigate the application and acceptance process, and get their children to those options can and will use them” (Newton, “When School Choice…”). Understanding and abusing the disparities between access to resources between white communities and communities of color reinforces the long-standing segregation between the two. The structural advantages wielded by the parents who have the time, resources, and knowledge to seek out these opportunities for their children are more likely to do so, and by extension, more likely to reap the benefits of them. From a rhetorical perspective, having Betsy DeVos meet parents face-to-face and inform them about their “choices” makes her seem interested in providing equal opportunities for all students, when in reality, she is doing the opposite.
Image source: https://www.forbes.com/sites/dereknewton/2018/06/12/when-school-choice-is-no-choice/#23ac75e14914
Photographer: Maria Danilova, The Associated Press
February 8, 2019 at 6:05 pm #3794
My photo for this weeks topic, segregation and education, is from a 2013 protest in Portland (where I’m from). The protests were in response to the Portland Public Schools superintendent’s proposals for school closures in a specific area due to “enrollment balancing.” This area, known as the Jefferson cluster, is a grouping of schools which has historically fed into Portland’s only black majority high school. This, as well as these schools serving mostly “high-minority, low-income students.” A pattern displays itself here, as Portland has had a history of gentrification, which plays into an interesting relation to another of our courses topics. It can be seen that many white families moved into these areas in north Portland (what has become now known as one of the more trendy parts of town, you can wonder why) but the schools in the Jefferson cluster noticed a stark lack of white students in their schools, despite the large presence of white families in the area. This happens because the districting allows more affluent, which happen to be most of the time white students to use the PPS systems “school choice” initiative to attend more highly funded schools outside of their district. This continues the long strain of what can really be seen as educational racism through the lack of funding and general ignoring of these underfunded high-minority schools. Its an incredibly complex system taking place in what most of the country tends to view as an incredibly liberal and forward thinking city, which goes to show how these practices of institutionalized racism, and the concept of segregation as a whole are still present in our society, even in places where a lot of people might not expect to see them.
For more context, a teacher from one of these schools wrote about this situation a bit in The Oregonian back in 2013: https://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/2013/01/another_look_at_balancing_port.html
Photo found via <span class=”sw-author”>Christopher Zimmerly-Beck</span> and <span class=”sw-author”>Madelynn Kay, who used this photo in their report on this issue in a publication titled the Socialist Worker.</span>
February 8, 2019 at 9:38 pm #3797
REYNALDO HIDALGO AGUEROParticipant
The image I have selected to share is a screenshot of a video explaining school segregation have evolved since the Brown v. Board of education event. I decided to screen shot this specific image because it highlights that during the 1970s and 1980s when a movement was made that pushed for integration it was actually having a positive effect of the black students at NO COST to the white students. With studies like the one mention in this video on integration it becomes evident that the white individual’s are under a false impression that integration slows down the white students. Additionally, the video goes on to explain other topics that we have already discussed in class such as white flight and how that affects to demographic of school based on community.
Author: Matthew Green
published: Feb 7, 2018
February 9, 2019 at 11:47 am #3799
This image shows a group of children from the Chiracahua Apache tribe who were attending the Carlisle Indian School. This school was the first boarding school off of the reservation. As described in class, these students were forced into these schools in order to assimilate indigenous children into the American society. The school’s degrading slogan is “To civilize the Indian, get him into civilization. To keep him civilized, let him stay.” These children were often assigned new names and were oftentimes abused both physically and mentally by their “educators”. How could one possibly assimilate in such an antagonizing and prejudiced environment?
Image taken from: the National Archives
February 9, 2019 at 3:04 pm #3805
A couple years ago, a video of a high school junior opening his acceptance email from an Ivy League university in front of his classmates went viral. A couple weeks later, another viral video was released of his brother also getting accepted into an Ivy League. Both brothers appeared on Ellen, and the school that they attended, T.M. Landry prep, was praised for uplifting their students and preparing them for success. Even more noteworthy? Most of their students are black, and they had an extremely high acceptance right into high-profile and Ivy League universities. Michael and Tracy, the founders of the school, were celebrated for creating an alternative school that would ensure black students’ success. They were portrayed as this bastion of hope in an education system that has consistently failed its black students. It would seem, for once, that there were educators and a school that actually cared for the most neglected demographic of students in the U.S. public school system.
Then came the scandals. The New York Times released an article with shocking confessions about the school and its founders. Michael was accused of abusing the students, with several students and parents reporting that the children were beaten. Michael and Tracy were both accused of falsifying transcripts and exaggerating or completely making up false stories about the students on college applications to garner more sympathy from college admissions boards. Students said they spent the majority of their time preparing for the ACT and SAT instead of actually learning the material, and alumni who contributed to the investigation have cited this as the reason for their struggles or even failure in higher education. Some have even had to drop out of their universities altogether. The joyful videos of students getting accepted into Ivy Leagues covered up a much darker, more sinister story of abuse and violence within the school, of students getting coerced and blackmailed into silence, and parents fearing that their children’s chances of getting into college significantly diminished as Michael held the threat of bad letters of recommendations and secret connections to college admission boards over their heads.
At first glance, it’s easy to immediately criticize Michael and Tracy. I, for one, wouldn’t dream of excusing their behavior or trivializing it. It’s unexcusable. But the existence of the school, of the extreme measures that they both took to ensure that these students, who have been failed time and time again by the public school system, rose to “success” points to a much larger and saddening trend of school segregation and its effects. The. U.S. public education system is segregated. Predominantly white schools are better funded and therefore offer their students a chance at greater academic success. Majority black and brown schools, on the other hand, are severely underfunded and have much less opportunity to even be somewhat near the same level as their white counterparts. Many black parents believed and hoped that T.M. Landry offered an alternative for their children, and with two black educators at the helm of the school, they believed that their children really had a chance. Perhaps this was Michael and Tracy’s aim in founding the school. Whatever the case, the institution took a dark turn. Michael and Tracy’s abuses of the students are disturbing to say the least. In many ways, I think it also offers a rather depressing view of how much harder and how much more drastic measures black students are forced to take just to have, to a very minuscule degree, the same opportunities that white students take for granted.
February 9, 2019 at 4:35 pm #3813
This week we focused on segregation in schools throughout the United States past and present. The photo that I have selected has to do with the Brown vs Board of education supreme court decision in 1954. The picture stands out to be because one can just feel for the girl who had to go through all of the hatred in order to go to school. The sad thing is that there was so much oppression by whites that the United States government had to send marshals down to enforce the supreme court decision.
Looking at the picture, the two things that stand out to me the most is the marshal standing next to the African American girl who is just trying to go on with her day, and the hatred on the faces of the white people. The fact that there had to be a marshal sent to the school in order of the decision to be enforced shows the amount of opposition to the case. Now this is just absurd considering the fact that the African American girl is looking for no trouble and would just like to receive an education.
The next thing that stands out to me is the anger and hatred on the faces of the white people at the time (specifically the girl in the back). Parents are continuing to march down with the African American girl and continue to nag her (I’m sure they insult her). Although another thing that stands out is the fact that the African American girl is not looking for any trouble and she continue to walk down the path regardless of what other individuals are doing to her. Looking at the left of the picture one can see the smirk on the white male’s face who is holding textbooks. There is nothing funny about this situation although he is laughing in a sarcastic way where he can’t believe what is going on.
Brown vs Board was a huge action for the United States. Although as many see it as this phenomenal decision, it didn’t end the hatred that whites had towards their African American neighbors. Many see this landmark decision as something that change the world (which it did but not instantly) although African American continued to suffer from discrimination and insults thrown at them. The process took years to slowly integrate the two sides and even today segregation can still be seen in certain areas of the United States.
Source: Beverly Daniel Tatum, Special to CNN
February 9, 2019 at 7:32 pm #3817
This is a photo from a video that depicts police officers in Chicago using an unnecessary and cruel amount of physical force against an African American female student at Marshall High School. While the details of the situation aren’t clear, we can be assured that officers using a taser and punching a minor student is completely across the line. According to the facts that we do know, the reason the police had initially come was because Dnigma Howard had not agreed to the terms of her suspension and had come to school anyway. The school did not do anything to intervene to help the student while she was being tased by the police. As a result of all this, Dnigma could potentially have 2 felony charges, and is no longer allowed back to her high school. The larger question here is whether or not the officers were cruel based off racial biases? There are ongoing investigations currently.
Photo from “The Root” (who got the photo from Chicago Sun-Times)
- This reply was modified 1 week, 4 days ago by GABRIELLA WATKIN.
February 9, 2019 at 7:55 pm #3820
This photo depicts Ruby Bridges, the first African-American to integrate an elementary school in the South. The picture on the left depicts Ruby at age 6, the one on the right depicts her alive and well today, over 50 years later. I chose this image because of the conversations we had in class this week about the disconnect between what we perceive as the past and our current world. Ruby Bridges had to be escorted to school every day that year by federal marshalls to ensure her safety, and all but 1 teacher in the school refused to teach Ruby. Again, I chose to use this image just to show how these “historical figures” are still around today and fighting the same fight. Ruby Bridges has her own foundation, The Ruby Bridges Foundation, whose purpose is to “promote respect and equal treatment to all races or all differences.” Ruby is still fighting the same fight against racism and discrimination today that her parents fought for her to even attend school in the not-so-distant past.
February 9, 2019 at 9:40 pm #3825
In this episode, John Oliver talked extensively about school segregation in this particular episode. In this episode, Oliver explained that school segregation was more segregated than they were 60 years ago. He proved was that Black and Latino children were more likely to not have the resources to have a college-prep curriculum because the majority are in high-poverty schools. He also used the point about white flight, white students leaving schools that have people of color as the majority of the students. In the episode, we see parents saying that they wanted their child to not be afraid of using drugs, getting stabbed or robbed. Although these actions are intended to be for “the best for the child” rather than not being racist, it does have racist effects. It not only destroys the education of Black and Latino students but as well as their self-confidence in themselves.
John Oliver, Last Week Tonight – Published on YouTube on October 30, 2016
February 9, 2019 at 10:49 pm #3827
The image below depicts Tom Torlino, a native American attending Carlisle Indian School, in 1882. The picture shows Tom before and after attending the school. Carlisle Indian School was founded by Colonel Richard Henry Pratt. Pratt attempted to erase Native American students’ heritage by implementing western hairstyle, clothing, and speech. The attempt to assimilate Native Americans into separate schools illustrates how white people saw Native Americans as inferior. Racism comes into play here because Native American were assimilated because they were seen as “barbaric”. Pratt believed the only way to take the barbaric nature out of Native Americans, was to segregate them into boarding schools.
Photo: John Choate, 1882 and 1885
February 9, 2019 at 11:07 pm #3829
KARLA CORONA ROMEROParticipant
This picture shows a 6 year old kid named CJ and his father. CJ was refused entry into Book’s Christian Academy on the very first day of school due to his hair. The school had certain policies that did not allow boys to have long hair and apparently CJ’s hair violated that. After the incident his father wanted to take action against the school. His dad mentions how the school is predominantly black with an all-white staff and doesn’t understand how they can shame something that is so closely related to Black identity. He expresses how unfair it is for the school to take taxpayer dollars and still singling out and shaming Black natural hair.
Something that I find very interesting is that many of the schools that are heard about for doing these things tend to be Christian schools, which reminds me of Baldwin and the reason he stepped away from the church.
February 10, 2019 at 3:10 am #3842
This picture is of a classroom of an Afrocentric school. An Afrocentric school is a school that focuses on black culture in learning. These schools, which are staffed prominently by people of color, are an alternative to school integration. Schools, such as those in New York, have gradually become increasingly segregated; and while black parents are uncertain to whether or not they should enroll their children in white schools, others have agreed that segregation an answer. By sending their children to Afrocentric schools, children of color experience a different education atmosphere than those who integrate into “white” schools- a matter of race and character.
February 10, 2019 at 4:51 am #3847
this is a representation of white flight over time in Compton, it used to be a majority white neighborhood. but over time it transitioned into a majority black neighborhood then into a majority Hispanic community. the graph comes from a website that talks about how over the span of a career of a police officer the community could change dramatically and not represent the demographics they are supposed to serve. This is a serious issue that comes up a lot throughout oppressed communities. this is a good representation of white flight in communities as well. the police in the area of Compton, from my experience, tend to continue to tend to be white while the neighborhood where I once resided tended to be Hispanic. There are not many white people who go to El Camino Compton campus, though there is El Camino college in Torrence which has a lot of white people there. when you are registered at one you automatically register to the other. the campus at El Camino Compton is 59% Hispanic 27% black 6% Asian 3% and 3% white while at the same college but the other campus in Torrance is 51% Hispanic 15% black 11% Asian 14% white. there is most of the funding goes to the Torrence campus, not the Compton campus, and it is immediately identifiable. most of the white people who live in Compton College attend colleges that are farther away.
February 10, 2019 at 9:49 am #3851
This is a Norman Rockwell painting depicting Ruby Bridges. I chose this because I think the color and framing enhance the absurdity of an elementary school student needing Federal Marshal escorts. I also chose this because I remember it being used for Jonathan Kozol’s “Still Separate, Still Unequal” article for one of my classes. This article tells about modern disparities between schools today and how segregation continues to be an institutionalized occurrence. Many people seem to think of all these things as part of a distant past…. but Ruby Bridges is the same age as my mother. The people and ideas that existed 50 years ago are still around today. Kozol’s article and Rockwell’s painting go hand in hand in showing the extremity of racism in the 50s-60s and how things maybe haven’t changed that much after all.
Photo: Norman Rockwell (American, 1894-1978). The Problem We All Live With, 1964. Story illustration for Look, January 14, 1964. Oil on canvas. 36 x 58 in. (91.4 x 147.3 cm). From the permanent collection of the Norman Rockwell Museum. © The Norman Rockwell Estate / Licensed by Norman Rockwell Licensing Company, Niles, Illinois
*I couldn’t find a link to the Kozol article but if anyone wants to read it i can send screen shots of it*
February 10, 2019 at 11:14 am #3855
The segregation among schools that manifests today has often also impacted the treatment that students face based on their race and economic status. One article on the subject cited a 2011 study that found that students who lived and went to school in low-income areas and were people of color, were more likely to have to go through metal detectors than their peers at primarily white schools (1). The use of heavy security machinery and personal allows over-policing to begin in these schools and is disproportionally targeted at youth of color (2). This creates an environment where students are constantly under heavy surveillance and relays that there is a distrust of students by school staff. This current reality challenges us to think about how segregation amongst schools has created vastly different environments and outcomes for students depending on their race and income level.
February 10, 2019 at 11:16 am #3859
For this weeks photo share topic segregation and schools, I decided to use a screenshot from a short clip found on YouTube that talks about the racial segregation in schools in south Carolina. In Orangeburg, South Carolina, racially segregated schools still exist where white students attend private schools and black students attend public schools. This video was taken place at a 99% black school called Orangeburg-Wilkinson (OW) High School in South Carolina. A white student named Mykenzie attended the school as her and her mother enrolled her in the public school to combat racial segregation in their town. In the video Mykenzie discusses how she feels like something is wrong with her and feels uncomfortable as she attends the school. This common feeling of her discomfort is one that black students undergo throughout their daily lives in different scenarios which we discussed in last weeks class lectures. Throughout the video they had a couple of students from the private school come to the public school and discuss their differences. The black students at the private school discussed how they felt like they would never run into the white students from the private schools while they are out on the weekends because their schools have unfortunately gotten them comfortable with segregation. I think that school meetups with students from private and public schools is a great way to start the end to segregation as long as they keep up with meetings and don’t just have them once and never revisit each others schools. I also think it was very courageous for Mykenzie and her mother to come up with the idea to attend a predominantly black public school in order to combat racial segregation and that too is another way to put an end to the problem that continues to exist.
Video Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlYDfzMdH4w
Posted on: September 18, 2018
Posted by: BBC Three YouTube channel
February 10, 2019 at 12:09 pm #3866
These photos are from the February 3rd, 1964 one-day New York City school boycott. The first photo (Frank Hurley/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images) shows students creating signs for the boycott that culminated in ~ 460,000 NYC students refusing to go to school in protest of subpar school conditions faced by Black and Latino students throughout the city. The protest was organized in large by Milton Galamison, Bayard Rustin, the NAACP and CORE (The Congress of Racial Equality).
The second photo is a flyer promoting Freedom Schools throughout NYC for the day of the boycott, where children would receive lessons about Black and Puerto Rican history in various churches and community centers (image and information from The Gotham Center for New York History).
The last photo is a flier calling attention to the boycott, created by the City Wide Committee for Integrated Schools, from the Queens College Civil Rights Archive.
Despite this being what author Yasmeen Khan describes as the “largest civil rights protest in U.S. history”, largely segregated schools still exist throughout NYC today.  Many white parents are utilizing “school choice” to move their children outside of geographically assigned schools, which are typically high-poverty and contain English-learning children, leading to lower funding and extending to lower performance in these highly concentrated schools. 
February 10, 2019 at 12:14 pm #3870
For this weeks topic of segregation and education, I have shared an interactive map created by NPR using data from Education Week and the U.S. Census Bureau to reveal the average funding per student based upon their geographical location. What this map reveals is that the Rancho Santee Fe School district, based upon their location and funding, were able to spend on average $14,874 per student. This is a stark contrast to the funding students received in the Santee School district where the average funding per student was $7,801. The students in the Santee School district received almost half of the funding than those in the Rancho Santee Fe school district. Additionally, the Santee School District enrolls around 50% more minority students than Rancho Santa Fe does. Relating this to the Nikole Hannah-Jones reading when choosing a school to send your child to based upon “what’s better” its almost always interconnected with race, as schools with higher test scores, usually have more funding due to a wealthier surrounding area, and in turn a lower minority student enrollment rate as presented by the data above.
February 10, 2019 at 12:35 pm #3875
This morning as I was scrolling through Youtube, I found a video titled “A School to Nurture LA’s Homeless Youth”. With this intriguing title, I immediately clicked on the seven minute long video about a school for low income and homeless youth living in Los Angeles. Crete Academy, a charter school located on Crenshaw Boulevard, was created by Hattie Mitchell who sought to create a space to embrace the potential of the many Los Angeles children living in extreme poverty. As watching this video, however, I noticed the demographics of this school. It was majority African American and Hispanic/Latino children. The demographics for Crete Academy, according to the California Department of Education, had a percentage of 0.0% White and 71.8% African American. This led me to connect this weeks topic of segregation and education to Crete Academy. While this story and school benefits children of color, unlike many other cases, it reveals the unspoken demographics of the Los Angeles poverty population. Together, the Hispanic and African American ethnicity groups make up 79% of Los Angeles’ homeless population, according to the Los Angeles Almanac. Through this, the deadly cycle repeats as many children of color are unable to get access to good education and have no option other than to attend dangerous schools or drop out. The historical injustices that have hindered folks of color, more specifically the Black population, from obtaining the freedom and right to attend schools are reflected to this day in the homeless population. Through Crete Academy, however, it is hoped that these difficulties and levels of impoverishment can be overcome, leading the path for many students to lead a better life.
Youtube Video: https://youtu.be/sU7MgwHB-b0
California State University Los Angeles Magazine
Photo by: J. Emilio Flores
February 10, 2019 at 1:42 pm #3880
When researching about modern day school segregation I came across this image/article which detailed the ways in which charter schools often reflect the most extreme levels of school segregation in comparison to public schools or even private schools. As shown by the image, a large percentage of charter schools in suburban areas are 99% white. When reading the article I saw that a big reason for this was that in an effort to rezone districts and encourage more integration in public schools, families if forced to change public schools as a result of these new zoning ordinances, will just go to the nearest charter school. This reminded me about what we talked about in class in relation to white flight and families leaving schools or neighborhoods in response to growing ethnic diversity but they claim it has nothing to do with race. In this case I think it would be hard to justify your reasoning for moving to a charter school in the wake of possible racial integration especially because the article highlighted how often times charters do not have high academic performance records. I also was interested because think adding the dimension of charter schools to it allows us to have a more productive conversation about the causes of school segregation today.
Author: Tim Walker
February 10, 2019 at 2:11 pm #3888
For this week’s photo share, I chose to include a personal story on the middle schools in my area and my mom’s decision to send us to the better one. I grew up in San Pedro and so I was designated to go to the one in my area, Dana Middle school in San Pedro. The kids who went to Dana were mainly Latinx (80%), then white, then black students, with most coming from a low-income background. I looked up some statistics for context and found that for Dana only 23% of its students are achieving proficiency in Maths compared to the state average of 37%. As for Reading/Language Arts, only 31% are proficient compared to state average of 48%. Dana consistently places in the bottom 50% of schools for overall test scores in California state schools. Dana is the image on top that shows the surrounding neighborhood as well as the conditions of the building. It’s also important to note how the high school was attached to the middle school and separated by a fence (indicated by the yellow line)–a worry my mom had.
On the other hand, Dodson in Rancho Palos Verdes has 50% Latinx, 25% White, 12% Asian, and 6% Black students. Of the students here, 48% are achieving proficiency in Maths with state average at 37%. As for Reading/Language Arts, 62% are achieving proficiency compared to Dana’s 31% and the state’s 48%. Dodson consistently places in the state’s top 30% schools for overall test scores. When I went to middle school here there were a lot more White and Asian students than there currently are, showing the white flight that continues to occur here. Dodson was a magnet/”gifted” school because of its test scores and had countless academic/arts programs.
Knowing this, my mom fought tooth and nail to get my older sister and I in Dodson and the only chance we had was to score in by passing an entry exam after getting a letter of recommendation and achieving “acceptable” scores. I remember my mom going over how important it was for us to get into Dodson and tried her best to help us study for the test, despite her not knowing the language needed to help us study. When I was taking the entry test, I remember not knowing what some of the symbols meant in math not because I didn’t remember but because I had never been taught any of it in my elementary school. Long story short, my sister and I scored into their “gifted” program and were able to give my younger brothers a leg up in their application process. My mom’s drive also led her jump over hurdles to get us into “better” high schools.
The images are screenshots off of google maps.
The statistics are from publicschoolreview.com
February 10, 2019 at 2:16 pm #3894
Photo produced by WMAZ-tv. Daily Mail article published April 28, 2014.
This is a photo a biracial couple attending the first ever racially-integrated prom held at Wilcox County High School in Georgia, in 2014. While most high school proms are held by the school itself, this Georgia high school did not; its proms were held by parents who proffered to hold separate “white” and “black” proms. Not until the segregated proms became viral and heavily criticized did the school decide to host its own, integrated, prom. This relates to the power that parents have in their children’s educational and social lives. The parents who were hosting the segregated proms were trying to stop their children from socializing with students of a different race, and it was the students who ultimately protested the segregated proms, making it viral and leading to the school’s first all-accepting prom.
February 10, 2019 at 2:16 pm #3896
Ngoc Hung NguyenParticipant
During the 20th century, the US was still plagued by segregation and discrimination against blacks and people of color. The fact that innocent children were and still are born with social disadvantages is heart-breaking. As seen in the photo below, it shows black students being escorted through the front door of Central High School in Little Rock by armed soldiers. The fact that the military’s presence at a school speaks volumes of the outrageousness and insanity of white people’s discrimination. A school is where talents and knowledge are fostered and allowed to grow, not a place to belittle and degrade individuals. Students carry books and pencils to school, not weapons, so why are soldiers necessary? It is a political message as well as a mean to strike fear into the black population. The military’s presence is a way to say “know your place” in society. In the present day, such things are outrageous, but school segregation still has a silent presence in society. We engage in ignorance and avoidance to speak about the fact that desegregation laws have done virtually nothing to prevent racial segregation in schools. Furthermore, based on anecdotes from my peers, schools that predominantly black usually have lower infrastructure and funding compared to predominantly white schools. There is still much injustice against people of color, but we live in ignorance and sweep the problems under the rug instead of trying to solve them.
Credit: AP Photo File
Taken at Little Rock
February 10, 2019 at 2:45 pm #3898
The photos below shows how even in the 21st century, many years after the Brown v. Board ruling, segregation is still active in our education system. There isn’t a high percentage of black students in schools that are predominantly white and according to the article I read, “In 2011, only 23% of black students attended a majority white school – the same percentage as in 1968”. White families are moving their children to other schools that they say have “better reputations and better resources”. Over the years, black students are attending school that have a minority majority. These schools however, are not equal to the white middle class schools. They have less resources, teachers that do not have enough experience, and not a lot of advanced placement classes because they are considered to have a different socio-economic background. We discussed this in class but a reason as to why this is probably happening is because the government is starting to lay back on its implementation of integration in schools and so white families are then beginning to transfer their children from public schools to either private or charter schools. Subsequently, segregated black schools are created. The second picture shows a class made up of mostly black students and the principal who is also the Global Studies teacher.
Source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2014/05/15/school-segregation-civil-rights-project/9115823/ (Janet Loehrke and Jolie Lee, USA TODAY, 2014)
Source of 2nd Photo: Bebeto Matthews, AP (December 3, 2013)
February 10, 2019 at 2:47 pm #3901
For this week I chose to show a photo from educationalviews.org feature an article about white flight and asian flight. The article talks about Mayor Bill De Blasio plan to ending meritocratic entry by removing admission standards and allowing other communities to attend specialty schools(emphasis like performing arts, hard sciences, engineering, academic achievement) that has cause an reaction from white and asian communities around these schools to protest this due to the belief that the schools educational and structural quality will go down because of open entry from other communities. From what I had briefly read, the writer of this article is also against by Mayor De Blasio decision to do this as he sees this as an unfair way to push students who work hard back in favor of vice versa.
I’m not sure if this photo is pro or con against the NY mayor plan as theres a sign that says “End Racism” but with other signs that say “protect our community” that interprets to me that there are people there in the pic who are either pro or con for this or it’s all against. It’s likely all against as the sign with “End Racism” may be against affirmative action where admission to schools is based on keeping quota of allowing a number of racial/ethnic group into them to have room for other groups to apply as well which the people with the sign sees this as racism.
February 10, 2019 at 3:03 pm #3903
Today, I wanted to do my weekly photo share on the Los Angeles Unified School District, and them addressing the segregation issues that happen within the Los Angeles county schools. I read and got my information from the article, “LA’s Schools Are Segregated. LAUSD Says There’s Only So Much They Can Do”, by Kyle Stokes and the picture I am using is from Kyle Stokes as well. Although it has been proven that students tend to learn better in environments that are racially integrated, more than half the students in LA go to schools that are 90% Latino and Black. With this information, according to the census it shows that although white people say they want their children to grow up in racially integrated environments, they usually want to stay in all white neighborhoods. They have tried to address the issues of segregation by creating policies lie the Magnet programs, but they see that much improvement hasn’t happened and a different approach will have to happen. </span>
- This reply was modified 1 week, 4 days ago by Kinady Lamb.
February 10, 2019 at 3:13 pm #3911
San Diego is very unique in the fact that many suburbs surround the urban/poor communities, the communities that are filled with people of color, and low income people. This means, that good schools surround the low income neighborhood but they do not always have the access or resources to attend those good schools. San Diego Unified School District has a program entitled the “School Choice Program”, this program allowed for students to attend the schools outside of their zip codes if they wanted to or wanted their child to attend a magnet or performing arts school. While this seems like a good program, it is only accessible to people that have things like computers or internet within their homes. Which is a way of weaving out those who they don’t want at these “prestigious” schools in the first place. This allows for the continued segregation of schools and resources in San Diego. This picture is found in the San Diego Real Estate Journal where they rank school districts in the San Diego county that represents what I was talking about earlier in this section.
San Diego Real Estate Journal
February 10, 2019 at 3:48 pm #3915
For this week’s photo share, I decided to choose an image that hits a little bit too close to home for a lot of us at UCSD. After the discussion on segregation in education this week, I decided to see how our university pales in comparison to the segregation in schools that we discussed this week. After seeing that our university only contains a 2% Black student population, and less than 10% of most other minority categories besides Asian, it is apparent that segregation within education has persisted. It is no surprise that the type of education, and access to education highly determines an individual’s upward mobility. In addition, as seen by our class discussion, the inconspicuous segregation within our schools due the long history of Black Americans being disregarded by the educational system had continued in Black Americans still being dealt “the short end of the stick” when attaining high quality education that can lead to their own personal advancement in society. UCSD is not immune to these structural forces (as seen by our demographic) and it is more disheartening than anything to realize that these cyclical patterns are still in place today.
Reference: Institutional research at UCSD: https://ir.ucsd.edu/_files/stats-data/enrollment/ugethnic.pdf
February 10, 2019 at 3:54 pm #3917
For this week’s photo share I decided to share a photo from Bedford Academy High School in Brooklyn to show that segregation, although may in the legal sense be ended due to Brown v. Board, is still prominent in our society due to institutionalized practices. This particular photo is from USA today, the article cites a UCLA study which confirms that Black and Latino students are more likely to attend poorer schools while white and Asian students are more likely to attend middle-class schools. The article also highlights that segregation is prevalent not only in urban areas but also suburban neighborhoods.
I felt that this photo and this piece truly resonated with what we talked about in class during the week and I felt that it tied in well with the articles which highlighted concepts such as: white flight even in suburbia, Asians and the “model minority” myth, racism directed at all minorities and the reason for white flight and segregated neighborhoods, and poor schools with a high number of minorities and a lack of adequate funding or opportunities for students. I felt that our discussion on school choice was one tied into this as well where parents choose to send their children to the best schools, at the cost of certain schools becoming poorer and providing students with less educational options. In this photo we see a school which appears to be segregated, although outwardly it does not look poor, we can see a high amount of Black and other students who are people of color. I think this is an important visual to what many schools now look like. It poses the serious question of what the solution should be, eliminating parents choice? Or providing more funding? I’m still not quite sure but I felt that important questions were generated this week.
<span class=”cutline js-caption”>Adofo Muhammad, center, principal of Bedford Academy High School, teaches 10th- and 11th-graders in his Global Studies class in Brooklyn on Dec. 13, 2013.</span><span class=”credit”>(Photo: Bebeto Matthews, AP)</span>
February 10, 2019 at 4:01 pm #3919
This week’s theme has to do with education and segregation. I decided to pick this image showing children doing the pledge of allegiance because it comes to show how they are willing to pledge their loyalty to their country, but their country is not willing to provide them equal opportunities. One’s country should provide everyone equal opportunities in order to succeed, but this isn’t the case in the real world. Many students in today’s modern day are still deprived from resources that other schools may have like technology, teachers, books, and basic supplies needed in a class setting. One of my peers brought to attention how some schools are taken into higher importance than others and the reason remain skeptic. Like who gets to decide whose school’s funding gets cut? Who gets to decide who goes to school there? Who gets to decide what is being taught? These are questions that have lose ends to them. the way this image connects to this week’s theme is by showing how hypocritical our nation is towards providing everyone a fair chance at gaining the best education that they can.
Date: May 17, 2013
Author: Jorge Rivas
Source: color lines
February 10, 2019 at 4:04 pm #3921
A discussion topic that stood out to me from this week was that of “tiger parenting.” Though this concept is one that is very familiar to me, I learned only this week that it was common enough to have its own term. I feel as though cultural differences and practices are often generalized and are used as excuses to stereotype groups. I haven’t experienced what some call “tiger parenting” but I definitely grew up around others who have. I feel as though this stereotype of “naturally smart Asian kids” invalidates the experiences of people who identify as Asian. This also plays on the insecurities of other groups, mainly white people, who are pulling their children out of schools with a majority Asian population, known as the “new white flight” so their children have a better chance at succeeding. This photo is from an article posted on UC Riverside’s website entitled Hold on, Tiger Mom.
February 10, 2019 at 4:17 pm #3924
In regards to school resided segregation, a 1st grade African American boy, Jonathan brown, was recently subjected to an in-school suspension for not following Spring Valley Elementary School’s dress code policy. This policy states that no male student may have his hair longer than the bottom of his ears. When his mother sent him to school after winter break with dreadlocks, he was quickly sent home with the paper pictured below highlighting the dress code. This policy can be problematic to those of religious or cultural background that desire longer hair or the inability to cut it at all. The school released a statement after the mother publicized this issue outlining any conflicts with this policy, explaining “Any parent may submit documentation to the campus administration requesting a possible exemption to the dress-and-grooming standards for a sincerely held religious belief. These letters are reviewed carefully by campus administration and determined on a case-by-case basis.” Although it does not guarantee it, the school does give exemption to this with religious beliefs. However, just like Jonathan encountered, this statement does not pertain to those of cultural backgrounds. Dreadlocks take a large part of history in multiple cultures and dates all the way back to 2500 b.c. Having no effect on Jonathan’s ability in school or any of the other children, this policy can be seen as discriminatory against black culture in America.
Photo taken Jan 4th, 2019 from @Books_roger
February 10, 2019 at 4:17 pm #3926
For this week’s photo share about this week’s theme segregation and education. This photo is very obvious of the segregation in education where the students are protesting that they would not go to school with black students. I would like to talk about the what we have discussed in class, whether I would send my child to diversified school or not, which is not classified as a “better” school. First I could not understand the intention of the question because, I never thought that the race would matter to decide if the school is “better” or not. I believe that the level of education depends on how students are interested in the learning, student to teacher ratio, how well the school is equipped or etc and the race does not matter for making a school a “better” school.
February 10, 2019 at 4:19 pm #3929
This image was taken at the Milwaukee Math and Science Academy, where more than 98 percent of the students are African-American and nearly all qualify for free or reduced price lunch. This depicts the racial isolation of charter school students, further proving that charter schools were among the most racially and economically segregated in the nation. The article states that “while only 4% of traditional public schools have student bodies that are 995 minority, 17% of charter schools are 99% minority.” This number continues to grow, resulting in charter schools being more racially isolated in nearly every state. Even with complaints of school resegregation, the charter school sector and their advocates justify this by saying that integration is not necessary for academic needs of children, a similar justification during the era of “separate but equal.”
February 10, 2019 at 4:34 pm #3937
This image is of a rally outside of the Arkansas state capitol to protest Brown V Board court decision. The context of this image is that these white individuals are protesting specifically against the Little Rock Nine and their admission into Little Rock High School. This image stood out to me because one of the signs says “Race Mixing is Communism” which is an argument that a lot of people still use today to argue against issues such as open borders, single payer healthcare, etc. Communism is something that is seen as negatively in our capitalist society and any issue that attempts to improve the structural inequality against people of color is seen as “extremist” and “communist”. I think this is so interesting because in reality CAPITALISM is the extremist system that needs to be eradicated but communism and literally any other societal system is seen as (and is!) a definite threat to white suburban utopia.
Photo source: Granger/REX/Shutterstock , 1959, Little Rock, Arkansas
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February 10, 2019 at 4:45 pm #3942
The picture I have chose for my photo share is of a charter school on UCSD’s campus called the Preuss School. I wanted to talk about this because I know that many people at our school are unaware that we have a connecting middle and high school directly next to us, sponsored by our university. This school is a middle through high school for children of low income families and these students will be the first in their familial generations to go to college. Their mission statement online states: “The Preuss School UCSD is an intensive middle and high school chartered under the San Diego Unified School District and located on the University of California, San Diego campus in La Jolla. The mission of the Preuss School is to improve educational practices and provide an intensive college preparatory school for low-income student populations, which are historically underrepresented on the campuses of the University of California.” I find this school very related to what we were talking about in class but in a different context. This is not a similar story of white flight from “worse” schools or schools where their student’s feel like they can’t succeed but rather a school that hardly has a white population at all because white folks are not usually part of the group where the parents do not go to college. I find this interesting because this school has a racial and socioeconomic history to it. These children bus an hour to 2 hours a day to get to this school and the application process to even get in is a hefty 23 pages. In order to sent their kids to this school, parents MUST not have gone to college, they must make less than a certain amount depending on how many people are in the household, and their student must possess motivation to go to a 4 year college. In 2017, the school was ranked 54th in the country. As first I thought this school was an amazing idea when I first heard of it and now I am looking more into how it relates to the scope of this class. In the “Do We Still Segregate Students?” article, the article highlights the tactics of detracking, which is when students are not places in groups based on academic achievement but rather all students of all achievement levels are placed together. The Preuss school is mentioned as a success story in this article and is highlighted for is “rigorous curriculum, extra tutoring, and high expectations”. This interested me because these students are all placed together and instead of benefiting the community in which they come from, they are all be bussed all the way to La Jolla to further their education. In US News, the total minority % (they define this as anyone who identifies as non-white) was 99% of their student body. It was very hard to find articles talking about race amongst this school and I think that stems from people thinking this is not about race but rather bettering student’s education and sending them to “better” schools
February 10, 2019 at 4:49 pm #3944
I chose this picture from the newspaper The Chicago Reader, this particular article printed March 1, 2016. This photo depicts a 21-year-old Bernie Sanders being arrested in Chicago while protesting school segregation during a time in which black people did not get the same educational rights that white people did. This particular incident is known as the battle at 73rd and Lowe, where a Goodwill warehouse building was transformed by the city into a temporary school for children. It was built near a railroad track, with no playground space or even any fire sprinklers inside the building. The building was originally created for storage, never intended to be used for classrooms or a safe learning environment for children. Chicago Public Schools claimed that this was a temporary solution for their over-enrollment numbers, but in reality, this was intended to keep black and white children apart in schools. I felt that this photo was powerful and fit our discussion topics for this week, as you can see people using their physical bodies as a means of protesting and to stop any further construction of the warehouse into a sad, makeshift school for young children. This is a real life example of how institutions would systematically try to segregate children in school systems, and how education was often times not readily available to non-whites as it was for white people.
February 10, 2019 at 4:57 pm #3949
For this week’s photo share, I decided to choose a photo that I believe is still very relevant in the education system today. This is a photo that shows the kind of protests that happened back when schools were very segregated and there were white and schools of color. Because of these protests, schools became integrated but I believe that although schools nowadays are integrated, there are still many schools that are predominantly nonwhite and receive very little funding. Little funding means less opportunities for the students in those schools. This is why there are many students even today that can’t achieve certain things because of the continued but more discreet segregation in the education system.
- This reply was modified 4 days, 3 hours ago by Genesis Garcia-Elizondo.
February 10, 2019 at 4:59 pm #3953
The photo I chose for this week’s sharing was a black and white still from an Atlantic article delving into the forms of school segregation that have persisted into the modern day education system. Nearly 6 decades after the milestone case Brown vs Board of Education, critics point out disturbing trends in the “Tracking” system utilized by the New Jersey school district, which assigns students to different levels of curriculum based on their academic performance at earlier ages. Though the school system asserts that this system is purely to aid students by assigning them to classes in which they can learn material at a manageable level of difficulty, the resulting racial compositions of the “gifted and talented” classes compared to those of the regular classes seem to do little more than prove that segregation in our education system has not entirely left, but has changed forms.
February 10, 2019 at 5:05 pm #3957
This is a photo of parents in NY protesting the change in the admission process to the top 8 high schools in NY.
NY mayor came under lots of backlashes after introducing a bill to the NY Senate that will favor the elimination of the Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT) which has been used in the admissions of 4,000 students to the top 8 high schools in NY. The mayor is calling for a change in the admission process to these top schools in order to diversify the schools and allow them to reflect the true population of NY, instead of having majority Asian and white male students. The new “called for” admission process would be to accept the top seven percent from every public middle school in NY, instead of relying merely on the results of the SHSAT, which favor students that are able to afford a tutor and preparations for such exams, usually white and Asian students.
I chose this photo because it is a true representation of undercover racism. The parents protesting the change of the acceptance process are claiming to be doing so because the new process won’t be fair for their own kids. However, logically thinking, if one’s child is smart enough and deserving of being at such schools, then one’s child will be at these schools regardless of the admissions process. The real issue with these parents is the idea of having more black and brown students at these schools. With the proposed admission process, every single neighborhood will be included. Every single community will be included. Every single hard-working kid will be included regardless of whether they can afford to do well or not on the SHSATs.
The photo was taken from an article by Alina Adams, written on October 22, 2018
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February 10, 2019 at 5:18 pm #3962
MARCO RODRIGUEZ ARANGOParticipant
For this weeks photo share, Ive decided to talk about one of my favorite movies to this day- Hidden Figures. The movie incorporates the lives of three magnificent brilliant African-American women who are working at NASA and are trying to put the first man into orbit. Each of these woman struggle against the odds of segregation and racism in 1961. The one I would like to speak on today is Mary Jackson, a brilliant mathematician and aspiring aerospace engineer. In the movie, Mary works along side some of the brightest men in NASA in designing the space craft that would carry John Glenn. Yet, through the whole movie Mary is struggling to get her certification as an Aerospace engineer but in order to do that she must attend school to get her degree and with that her dream job. She files a civil plea to attend an all white school that offers the proper training. The judge granted her permission to only take night class and with that Mary Jackson was able to become the engineer she dreamed of being.
February 10, 2019 at 5:20 pm #3964
This photo depicts the first day of desegregation at Fort Myer Elementary School. Two female students, a white girl and a black girl are seen facing each other while seated at their desks. This photo boldly explains the w<span style=”font-weight: 400;”>ays in which we characterize education as an equitable institution, especially after the Brown v. Board of Education decision, but to what extent is that true when we look at racial disparities? Educational value was and still is inherently placed in white schools; children of color are being taught from a very young age that schools with students who look like them are “inferior.” Even after the integration of schools, it is important to see the humanity affected by the letter of the law: the black student is alone in the photo amongst the rest of her white classmates, even though she is legally allowed to share that space. The photo emphasizes that even after legal actions to achieve integration have taken place, they cannot dismantle some of the things that allow segregation to happen – the photo’s temporal distance from us does not separate the gaps in our current educational institutions from the racist histories that led to their formation. </span>
February 10, 2019 at 5:47 pm #3967
The picture I chose for this week is of the memoir Warriors Don’t Cry by Melba Pattillo Beals. This week’s topic reminded me of a book I believed I read in school before. This was about the group of black students alson known as the “Little Rock Nine” intergrating into Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas I believe after the Brown vs Board of Edcuation case. I remember in the memoir, they talked about how they struggled with the intergration and dealt with various forms of harrassment from their white counterparts. This relates perfectly to this week’s theme because it ) discusses their everyday challenges of dealing with intergration
February 10, 2019 at 10:12 pm #3973
This graph was taken from vox.com in an article that talks about segregation getting worse within the school system in America. One of the landmark cases in United States history is that of Brown vs Board of Education. Within this case, it ruled that segregation in schools were illegal and that they should integrate people of color. This was pivotal in allowing equal education to anyone regardless of race, however a lot of people believed that this was a cure for segregation but rather it was just a bandaid. In recent memory, segregation has been even more prevalent in schools as the notion of white flight and clusters of ethnic groups become bigger. Within this article it talks about how segregation within cities is still about the same as in the 1980s and how school districts do little to “ameliorate the segregation”. With the pass of No Child Left Behind, schools focused more on test grades which created a ranking system where families that could afford to send their kids to a better school did.
Source: Data was from National Center for Education Statistics
February 10, 2019 at 10:56 pm #3976
The picture I chose is a graphic describing the recent event at East Middle School, a public school in New York, in which four, 12-year-old Black students were strip-searched by administrators of the Binghamton City School District. This story, and the related image, reminded me of the discussion we had in class regarding the disproportionate punishment inflicted on Black students in schools. In this case, these underage girls were stripped to varying degrees of clothing, with one young girl searched in her bra and underwear. The only girl that was searched in full clothing was GIVEN A SUSPENSION for refusing to take off her clothes. Not only is this disgusting behavior by the administrators, but sends a clear message to young girls that their control over their own bodies is limited. This girl did not provide consent to having her clothes taken off of her and was punished for it, which is a dangerous precedent to set.
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