Class group for ETHN104, Winter Quarter 2019
Week 6 photo share
February 13, 2019 at 3:11 pm #3987
Please submit your image and brief summary to reflect on week 6’s theme: Mass incarceration and the making of a racial undercaste. Remember to include photographer/artist name (or source) and date of the image.
February 15, 2019 at 1:01 pm #4032
This poster board presentation was put together by Philadelphia high school student Ma’Kayoah Goodwire-Thomas and her classmate to be showcased the Student-Led Mass Incarceration Symposium at the school district’s headquarters. The District Attorney, who made himself available to answer questions from students, noted that the students know and understand the ills of mass incarceration and its disproportionate affect on Black communities. The students whose work is specifically highlighted in the photo created a plan that highlighted the ways they would improve the criminal justice system. Goodwire-Thomas and her friend suggest more funding for probation programs, support for these programs from formerly incarcerated people, alliance from family and the community, targeting specific representatives and senators, and reaching out to youth. In order to evoke real change, it is essential to educate and mobilize young people, especially those who have been or will be affected by mass incarceration. Oftentimes, the best solutions for problems faced by the Black community come from members of the Black community.
Photographer: Ryanne Persinger, The Philadelphia Tribune
February 15, 2019 at 5:34 pm #4050
The slogan mentioned in this poster means that even though segregation was legally ended, it has taken a new form. Our criminal justice system exploits individuals based on the color of their skin and uses the prison system as a form of racial control. Prior to this weeks discussion, I was never truly aware of the harsh statistics and realities that surround the mass incarceration. I had always thought of prisons as a place that punishes people for crimes like they deserved to be. However, as I start to pay closer attention to trending stories and discussions, I notice that certain populations are punished for doing the same crimes differently based on the color of their skin. This weeks discussion has really opened my eyes to the ways in which prisons are used to segregate people of color, black individuals especially, and deprive them of their rights as an American citizen.
Date: July 26th, 2013
February 15, 2019 at 7:38 pm #4054
This is a photograph of Alice Marie Johnson and Kim Kardashian. Alice Marie Johnson is a 63 year old African American women who spent the past 22 years in prison for charges of money-laundering and drugs. She served these 22 years in prison, which was initially a life sentence (with no possibility of parole), before Kardashian involved herself in the case. Johnson was finally released from prison in June of 2018, which has shed light on many issues surrounding the corruption of the justice system in this country. This case raises the question of why someone would be sent to life in prison from a non-violent crime, and how many other individuals are unfairly given a life sentence.
Source: The Washington Post
Photographer: NBC News/Today
December 10, 2018
February 15, 2019 at 11:51 pm #4056
For this weeks photo share I decided to share a picture of a protest about mass incarceration. The sign, held on each side by Black folks states, “Mass Incarceration + Silence = Genocide” which I felt was an extremely moving statement about the status of many Black Americans today. The article which had this photo covered that 1 in 30 Black males (this is dated in 2015) will find themselves in prison. It also highlights the negative impacts of Clinton’s policies which exacerbated mass incarceration and how Bill Clinton has apologized for which that would have no impact on the situation of many communities of color. With the background of the photo and what is seen in the photo I would iterate this as being related to our class discussions and going over the documentary, 13th, and the photos we looked over with the prisons which were invisible. I think covering that when people go to prison they essentially are invisible as well as even when they leave prison the effects follow them along and define them to that role such as, those convicted of a felony being without the right to vote. Essentially, mass incarceration silences its victims and this silence and willful ignorance by the general populace will lead to an end to these communities. I think that is something to think about in our daily lives, as in how many lives are affected and how many people who are being silenced even now.
Date: July 2015
February 16, 2019 at 10:22 am #4058
REYNALDO HIDALGO AGUEROParticipant
For this weeks photo share assignment I decided to analyze incarceration by looking into the crime rate of natives compared to immigrants. In the article shared below, it is mentioned how the President is constantly refers to immigrants as a security threat to natives. He is arguing that allowing for immigrants to enter the country is allowing security threats and crime into the country. Using evidence from various studies, the author shows that immigrants are actually less likely to commit crimes when compared to natives. Personally I would argue that this is because immigrants tend to follow the rules because they DO NO want to bring negative and unnecessary attention to themselves. All in all, I selected this article because it compliments how the mass incarceration rate of people of color is in fact the legal way segregating non-natives.
Author: Christopher Ingraham | June 19, 2018
February 16, 2019 at 3:12 pm #4060
This political cartoon represents the separate but equal drug sentencing laws that disproportionately affects people of color, especially black men. The article where I found this photo explains how people of color caught with small amounts of crack cocaine would receive the same sentences as white people caught with large amounts of powder cocaine (5 grams of crack carries a minimum of 5-year federal prison sentence, while 500 grams of powder cocaine carries the same 5-year sentence). This 100:1 disparity between crack and powder cocaine show no rational medical or penological reason, but instead causes an unjustified racial disparity. These unjust sentencing laws were justified because it kept “criminals” off the streets. They were made so that more people would have harsher sentences for nonviolent crimes, not be able to pay bail, and took away power from judges.
Date: Dec 5, 2016
February 16, 2019 at 5:20 pm #4062
This powerful image illustrates one of the major issues here in the United Sates. The United States have the most amount of people in prisons compared to any other nation. One specific issue is who is placed in the prisons and for what. Many individuals are stripped from their natural rights as they are sent to prison for minor offenses such as speeding and possibly even littering. The issue is that certain individuals are deemed responsible and punished on harsher terms compared to others. African Americans in the United States tend to make up a majority of the prison population due to their skin color. This is where the picture comes in. Individuals who are white can seem to get away with certain offenses while if they were Black/Brown they would be locked up. Looking at this picture, one can see the true horrific reality that occurs in the nation today. The sad thing is that the color of your skin has a significant effect on your outcome. The picture shows that the darker your skin color, the longer prison time you will receive.
According to the article, 16% of the 1.3 million people in state prisons are in there for drug charges (Pfaff 6). A significant amount of people who are in there for acts that are not violent. As we discussed in class, someone who has a gram of marijuana on them can easily be sent to prison and as a fellow classmate pointed out, minority individuals can easily be sent to prison for a traffic ticket. The image as well as topics that we have discussed in class go to show that the system must be changed as many individuals lose their liberty as they enter prisons. While the government thinks that prisons are supposed to teach one a lesson, many don’t receive any treatment and are often sent out with years of lost memories and family time. A system that needs to be fixed as individuals with higher authority deem themselves as superior to others and simply don’t care, all adding to the sad reality in this nation.
February 16, 2019 at 5:48 pm #4064
Depicted below is Jasmine Richards, an activist in the Black Lives Matter movement, who was convicted of felony lynching after trying to assist a young woman who was being roughly arrested by the police. The irony behind this situation is that Richards was literally fighting the injustices in the system, including false convictions and mass convictions. I chose this image because it goes to show that even when Black people are fighting for justice and equal rights, they are beat down by the system. The lynching law even states, “a person who participates in the taking by means of a riot of another person from the lawful custody of a peace officer is guilty of a felony.” The law as grossly misused, and in the video on the website below, you can clearly see there was no riot and no lynching. Black bodies are constantly policed and in every circumstance, we are constantly fighting for equality.
February 16, 2019 at 6:39 pm #4066
<p class=”p1″>This picture was taken during a demonstration held outside of the King County Juvenile Detention Center in Seattle, WA. Two years ago the city proposed a massive overhaul and expansion of this center that will end up costing around 210 million dollars. Since then community activists have been working tirelessly to stop the construction of this new jail. They are advocating for the end of a “racist and punitive family court system”, for the reworking of cities without prisons, and for the 210 million dollars allocated for a new facility to instead be funneled into a range of housing, health, education, and community-based support services. This is a situation which illustrates the power of the criminal justice system and their approach to handling many of the pressing issues facing youth today. Instead of listening to the community and addressing some of the societal issues that lead to youth incarceration they are choosing to expand their facility and thus continue a cycle of mass incarceration that disproportionately targets and affects youth of color.</p>
<p class=”p1″>Photo: DJ Martinez</p>
<p class=”p1″>Article Credit: https://southseattleemerald.com/2018/03/30/perspective-no-new-youth-jail-coalition-demands-moratorium-on-construction-during-week-of-action/</p>
February 16, 2019 at 7:32 pm #4070
This past week we talked about mass incarceration and the so-called “War on Drugs”. There is a large majority of Black and Hispanic males in prison for drug charges even though there is an equal proportion of White males using illicit drugs. According to the NAACP, Black men are incarcerated 6 times than that of Whites for drug charges which is a huge disparity. “War on Drugs” might be a term to call for the crackdown of illicit drug use, but in reality, it is also an example of what Michelle Alexander calls, the “new Jim Crow”. Black males are being labeled as criminals for minor things and are then sent to prisons for long periods of time. When they get out and want to integrate back into society, they can’t because they are now labeled as a felon. This has then led to a racial under-caste because when these men are released, they won’t be able to vote or get employed; they basically lost all of their rights and can’t do anything anymore.
There is a big problem of racial disparity in the prison system in the US. The men in the first image are holding up signs objecting what the “War on Drugs” is said to have meant and what it really means. The war on drugs is trying to control the black population, specifically males. If White men are seen using an illegal drug, they won’t be charged or paid any attention to. In contrast, Black men will confronted and threatened as shown in the second image (cartoon). Both men are smoking but only the Black male is reprimanded which shows the inequality in our justice system. Black men could only just have possession of a drug and not sell it and still be incarcerated whereas whites could engage in drug sales and be given only a warning.
Source (Photographer): https://www.newsweek.com/2013/06/19/obamas-former-spiritual-advisor-joshua-dubois-fight-black-men-237610.html (ALEX WONG/GETTY)
Source (Artist): https://drugsandracism.weebly.com/blog/september-02nd-2014 (Kirk Anderson)
February 16, 2019 at 10:39 pm #4073
In this weeks photo share, I wanted to share this photo from the Prison Policy Initiative that give a pie graph that breaks down the numbers of people within the prison system. I first saw this graph last quarter for the 2017 breakdown. It astonishing that more than 70% of the people in person are non-convicted, just waiting for trial. And in the state prison a small portion of people are convicted for selling drugs–1.3 Million people in the state person system it has barely lowered down since 2017.
Prison Policy Initiative
2017 & 2018
February 16, 2019 at 11:04 pm #4076
For this week’s photo share, I chose this image of a demonstrator’s sign, featured in the Vox article “Everybody Does Drugs, But Only Minorities Are Punished For It” by German Lopez. As the title states, this article’s pointed argument, as well as the protest behind the sign, exposes the War on Drugs as an inherently prejudiced and systematic operation that hardly makes beneficial impacts on drug abuse rather than tearing apart communities of color and placing the remnants behind bars. As we discussed in lecture, and as stated in the “New Jim Crow” reading, if as much effort exhibited by the government in executing this operation went into the creation of jobs, community resources, and functional schools in target areas, perhaps REAL beneficial change would actually materialize.
February 17, 2019 at 12:04 am #4078
KARLA CORONA ROMEROParticipant
For this photo share I wanted to share these pictures which I thought were very powerful. We mentioned how much importance and money this country puts into its prisons and this picture clearly resembles that through its statistics. We talked about how there are so many people put in jail for drug possession, more specifically weed, who tend to be people of color as compared to other people like celebrities who get away with it and are just disregarded. It’s crazy to think that someone can think of a college kid doing drugs as young and stupid, but when it’s someone from a minority group out on a street they suddenly see it as a crime. It’s even more crazy to me that they put more importance on incarcerating people than in education. The people committing these crimes tend to go toward that path because they lack opportunities to better themselves and tend to find an easy way to be able to survive. These things can be avoided if college was an option for these people and if there was enough funding for such opportunities. Even just looking at the cost to educate a student compared to the cost for keeping an inmate is insane. The difference is incredible high and knowing that, one would think the emphasis would be on the students when in reality it seems that keeping people locked up is more important than educating the youth to further avoid future incarcerations.
(could not find dates)
Photo by: Harold Lee Rush
Graphic: <span class=”right”>Tal Yellin / CNNMoney </span>
February 17, 2019 at 12:28 am #4081
KARLA CORONA ROMEROParticipant
For this photo share I decided to share these pictures since I found them very powerful. This week our topic touched up on incarceration, and more specifically, it was mentioned how many people are put in jail do to what one may consider smaller offenses. It was mentioned that people would see a college kid doing drugs and consider them young and stupid because of the setting they are at, or even celebrities who tend to be disregarded and laughed at for drug possession. The story completely changes when the person with the drugs is of a minority group and is put out in the streets, it is then when people see it as a crime. The statistics shown on these pictures are crazy to me, knowing that this country puts more importance on prisons than on the education of their people. It’s even crazier to think that it costs way more to keep an inmate than it costs to educate a student. Knowing this, one would think the government would rather fund more schools yet the reality is that they would rather keep people locked up than providing more opportunities in education that could potentially help avoid future incarcerations.
(could not find dates)
Photo by: Harold Lee Rush
Graphic by: Tal Yellin / CNNMoney
(I had first posted a reply but it seemed that it got deleted and I just did this one again so if there turns out to be two posts by me I’m sorry)
February 17, 2019 at 9:13 am #4086
This week’s theme is mass incarceration and the making of a racial undercaste. This week, I picked two images that I would like to share with the class, which I believe relate to the week’s theme. The first image shows as a little black kid on his bike with training wheels is being stopped by some police officers. I believe the image comes to show how heartless white cops are towards people of color that they will make any excuse in order to lock them up or make them seem like the criminal. This kid could have been just crossing the street or going to the park, that the cops found the situation as an excuse to stop the kid and interrogate him about what he is doing. People should not have to justify their daily activity just because they are people of color and people tend to sterotype them. The second image is a cartoon demonstrating a white police officer with a speed detector device that measures the speed a car is going at except this one targets either blacks, whites, and latinos. In this image the cop’s radar detects a black person is speeding and goes after him/her. I find this image relating to how cops tend to incarcerate people of color more because they feel that they are a danger, when they are regular human beings like the rest of us. These images come to show how fast people tend to sterotype people and try to put them behind bars because they seem a danger to others in one way or another. I find this to being so heartless and uncaring towards how these people should not be treated like animals, but as the human being that they are. All people should be treated the same regardless of the color of their skin, but unfortunately we live in a word that this is not the situation. The first image was also shared in last quarter’s class by one of my peers, and I felt it also fit this week’s theme.
Image: Black Kid with Bike
Source: LA Progressive: Response to ACLU racial profiling Study: Los Angeles Police Department Never Met a Reofrm Report It agrees with
Date: Jan 17, 2009
Author: Dr. Anthony Samad
Image: Cop with speeding. Detector
Author: Freddie Allen
February 17, 2019 at 11:00 am #4095
The image below shows Jason Hernandez, who was given life without parole in 1998, for the conspiracy to disrtibute crack-cocaine. There were 49 individuals related to this sentencing. Three of them were white and only received probation or under a year in prison. This situation highlights the racial bias the justice system has against people of color. Also, Hernadez’s case illustrates the unfathomable sentencing drug related charges have. After reading this article, I wounder if drug related charges should be cut down drastically?
Photo: Can Turkyilmaz
February 17, 2019 at 11:15 am #4097
The picture I chose to use is a group of diverse 3rd graders by Ryan Mcvay. I chose this photo for representation of how I was reading an article when I was a lot younger and the article said that prisons start making beds for people after their third grade year. Basically, they take data from third graders reading skills and determine how many beds they will need based off of that number. I think that is an extremely oppressive and elitist way to determine how many beds private prisons will create. We all know that opportunities are not the same for all groups and all areas and school districts, so to count young students out because of how well they read is completely wrong. When I worked over the summer as a teacher i taught k-2 grade students in a reading literacy program. These students went to the second worst school, based off of schools, in Los Angeles, meaning many of them couldn’t read and the ones that could couldn’t do it well. I couldn’t even imagine the private prison system making beds for them because they were given the same opportunities as the others. I just wanted to share this articles topic and show how prisons beds are counted for our future kids.
February 17, 2019 at 11:37 am #4101
I think that this cartoon fits really well with the theme of mass incarceration because it so accurately shows how most of the black and brown men in prisons, are in there because of nonviolent offenses. It is also really ironic because the media and politicians criminalize black and brown men as violent and dangerous when in reality, the so called ‘crimes’ that they are imprisoned for involve no violence at all. This cartoon also shows the whole “War on Drugs” catastrophe where the government planted drugs in poorer communities of color and arrested these young men for possession just to fill up the prisons. This also ties into the whole for profit prison industry and how in order for that to thrive, there needs to be a ready supply of bodies (which most often come from these poorer communities). This cartoon illustrates the cyclical nature of the whole mass incarceration epidemic.
Cartoonist: Adam Zygis
Date: August 10 2013
February 17, 2019 at 12:51 pm #4106
Relating to this weeks topic of Mass incarceration and the making of a racial under-caste, I have shared a picture of the metropolitan detention center (MDC) in Brooklyn New York, who has recently undergone intense public backlash after it was discovered that inmates were left without heat and warm water during freezing condition. The prisoners protested these conditions by banging flashlights on the prison windows as family members and supporters to improve inmate conditions rallied outside. The MDC reports that there was a fire in the electrical room that caused parts of the prison to loose power resulting in the failure of heating systems during the winter. Inmates, who were only in short-sleeved prison uniforms, were left in the cold condition for numerous days. Attorney General of New York Letitia James explained the conditions as “unacceptable, illegal, and inhuman to detain people without basic amenities”. It has been reported that in regards to repairing the electrical system and getting the heat back on there was a complete lack of urgency on behalf of prison administration. This relates to our conversation in class of how there is a dehumanization of prisoners within our justice system, where its held out of sight, out of mind, and are juxtaposed as inferior to everyone else in society and disenfranchised of their rights. Whereas in reality, these are everyday people just like us, where some of the inmates are inside for non-violent offenses and are victims of a broken justice system who deserve the same rights to which all humans should have.
Source: New York Times
February 17, 2019 at 12:58 pm #4108
For this weeks topic I chose a photo of an inmate helping fight the wildfires in California that took place last year. Inmates that participate in this program are paid $2 a day and when brought out for active service, $1 an hour. To me this speaks to the fact that the prison system is being used as a way to oppress and use those incarcerated to our advantage. We pay inmates a disgustingly low wage to do life threatening things, and then can’t even allow them a job once they are released. The article even said that most of those who participate in the program cannot get a job as a firefighter outside of prison. Programs like these are masked as rehabilitation programs that work to benefit the prisoners and teach them skills when in reality it is being used as a way to exploit the labor of those trapped in the system. These wages wouldn’t be acceptable in any other context but the label of felon is working simultaneously to cage and oppress poor people of color while also working them to our advantage.
Photographer: Josh Edelson
February 17, 2019 at 2:06 pm #4118
I chose this photo because it depicts how mass incarceration primarily affects African Americans in the United States. The stripes on the American flag are drawn as prison bars, and the arms of the person who is behind the “bars” are black, showing that there is a disproportionate population of black people in prisons today. Prisons in modern time have in a way replaced Jim Crow laws to be the new method of segregation. More black people are criminalized and thrown into jail than other ethnic groups in the US, and therefore it is a way to keep black individuals separated from whites by having them put in jails and away from society. When they are out of jail, it is very difficult for them to return to normal life with a criminal record, and they are forced to become second class citizens.
February 17, 2019 at 2:08 pm #4120
For this weeks topic I wanted to talk the School-To-Prison Pipeline. An Ohio woman by the name of Zakiya Sankara-Jabar recently dealt with this when her preschool son, Amir, was suspended from his pre-K program. The claim for his suspension was that he was having problems focusing on activities and transitioning from one to the next and he was throwing temper tantrums. She states that they made it seem like something as normal as being a preschooler was abnormal and crazy. She went to speak on and advocate against these suspensions and stated “I suddenly realized that I wasn’t a bad parent and my son wasn’t abnormal. This was something larger, more societal, that was happening to African American parents.” I thought this was important based on our discussion in class because the article that I found discusses how the school-to-prison pipeline starts at early as preschool. These suspensions are usually target at black children and they are 3 times as likely to get suspended than white children. When I read this, it genuinely shocked me because these are children at the earliest stages of their schooling and for this process of racially inequitable school discipline policies to already beginning is truly upsetting.
February 17, 2019 at 2:16 pm #4122
I decided to share a still from the movie The Shawshank Redemption. Most people have seen this movie and I think it is representative of a larger trend in the cinematic and television portrayal of prisons and prisoners. In class we discussed our societal views regarding criminality and sin. Specifically, the idea was raised that we tend to form a chasm between ourselves and those we view as “real” criminals, despite the fact that we all have broken the law in some capacity. We have to believe that there is some natural criminality, oftentimes rooted in sin, behind the crimes of those we imprison to justify their separation from ourselves. If not, we would be forced to acknowledge a system that disproportionately imprisons people of color, the indigent and the mentally ill. The portrayal of prisoners in television and movies serves to reinforce the separation between the incarcerated and the general public. The Shawshank Redemption, The Last Castle, Con Air, Cool Hand Luke, Midnight Express, Escape From Alcatraz, The Longest Yard, Get Hard, Law Abiding Citizen and Prison Break all illustrate Hollywood’s approach to concealing the disparities and injustice within our criminal justice system. In most cases, the audience is introduced to a white protagonist, who find himself imprisoned either through some mistake, injustice, or crime rooted in altruism. The works elicit sympathy and understanding for the white protagonists who are unjustly forced to navigate in a society of “real” criminals. The cinematic approach is not unlike our own, where we refuse to admit that a person in prison might not deserve to actually be there. They may be innocent, imprisoned because of the color of their skin or simply unable to pay for an adequate legal defense, but, to portray this truth would mean having to actually acknowledge the truth.
Photo Source: http://www.fanpop.com/clubs/the-shawshank- redemption/images/30619689/title/andy-photo
- This reply was modified 4 days, 2 hours ago by LOYD-MICHAEL SULLIVAN.
February 17, 2019 at 2:47 pm #4126
Ngoc Hung NguyenParticipant
The cartoon portrayal that I chose criticized and showed the irony and racism against black people. The fact that black people are in jail for a very small amount of drugs, while white people are in jail only when the amount is, in this case, “100 times” more. The image of the judge saying some people are “more equal” than others further reinforce the idea of segregation, racism, and the problem of mass incarceration on the governmental level. After slavery was abolished, there was the new policy of inmate rental, an evolved form of slavery as most inmates were black people. We see the same pattern here where black people are incarcerated and disenfranchised, essentially eliminating them from the system and put them into limbo. I find it abhorrent and unfathomable that a country actively tries to put away its citizens instead of being generous and rehabilitate for people to go back to society. Once you have committed a crime and been arrested, your life is basically over as it would be almost impossible to assimilate back to society. In the end, it comes down to race and the desire for racial purity that drives even the top level of the government on their decisions to mass incarcerate.
Source: “Reducing racial disparities in drug sentencing: an analysis of the fair sentencing act, 2015” http://blackwallstreetbooks.squarespace.com/ceo-blog/drugsentencingracialdisparaties
February 17, 2019 at 2:54 pm #4128
February 17, 2019 at 2:54 pm #4130
For this weeks topic for Mass incarceration and the making of a racial undercaste. Is the photo of a person who is protesting with the sign that says “Am I Next?” I believe that this photo shows that no one is safe from incarceration and the racial undercaste. It could be your turn when it comes to the incarceration and the racial undercaste, especially for the people who’s race is not white. The ones whos been discriminated, lived under prejudice, stereotype. It reminds of the me the accident happened few month ago, where in New York, some white woman who blocked black neighbor from entering the building, or the prejudice that a lot of people have that blacks are born to be an athlete. I believe that these are all kinds of racial undercaste.
February 17, 2019 at 3:06 pm #4137
For this weeks photo share, I decided to share the lyrics to one of Usher’s songs featuring Nas and Bibi Bourelly. I first heard the song in class when we were watching a part of the Netflix documentary “13th”. I went back to look for it and most times, people tend to listen to a rhythm or beat of a song and don’t pay much attention to the lyrics. The lyrics of this song are very deep and touch upon the topic of police brutality and the mass incarceration of innocent black people. The entire song was very impactful but the part I decided to share was one that relates most to this week’s topic. “I am no prison commodity, not just a body you throw in a cell,” is a line that I believe shows how people protest the fact that there are many, particularly black people, that are being incarcerated just because of their skin color and how they are seen as a threat to many people. In class, we spoke about how incarceration can be seen as a new form of slavery. Although slavery was abolished long time ago, we spoke about how, in a way, incarceration can be compared to slavery and how sending people to prison, society can feel a sense of safety and peace knowing that people that are seen as a threat are in prison, even if they are convicted being innocent. I believe that it was mentioned that about 40% of prisoners are black males. The system is very unjust and there needs to be some kind of change because the lives of those wrongly incarcerated are completely ruined if they ever get released from prison because their incarceration goes on their record and it affects everything from getting a job and even the citizen right of voting. Like the song says, it is a problem that NEEDS to be acknowledged and fixed as soon as possible.
Youtube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Knd2el4Lfw
- This reply was modified 4 days, 3 hours ago by Genesis Garcia-Elizondo.
February 17, 2019 at 3:20 pm #4143
This week, I chose a cartoon that represents the revolving door nature of incarceration. Programming (education, job training, etc.) suffers a general lack of funding, structural support, and restrictions on inmates for participation which lead to high rates of recidivism within the United States. An estimated 83% of parolees reoffend within 9 years of their release, according to the Bureau of Justice statistics . Things like felony dislclosure on job and housing applications, an inability to access food stamps or other welfare programs, difficulty in attaining a job, furthering their education, lack of access to substance abuse treatment, the whims of parole officers… are just a few reasons that the formerly incarcerated find themselves returned to the prison system.
Cartoonist: Dave Granlund, found here.
February 17, 2019 at 3:54 pm #4147
Photograph: Gerald Herbert, 2011.
This is a picture of prisoners returning from working in fields at the Louisiana State Penitentiary. This image demonstrates the themes about prison labor and exploitation that we’ve been discussing in class this week. Prisoners are exploited for their labor, a form of modern slavery because they have no real choice weather or not to work. When in prison, you do what the guards say or suffer extreme, inhumane consequences. Also, all of these prisoners are black which represents the systematic racialization of imprisonment. The white prison guard is not even walking, riding the horse to make literal his white privilege and power; the black men look tired and hot under the Louisiana sun.
February 17, 2019 at 4:07 pm #4149
This week we talked a lot about the problems within our prison system and the ineffectiveness of prison reform. One of the main things that we talked about was this concept of “out of sight, out of mind” where the prison system was structured so that it allowed for citizens to not think about prisoners or what they go through on a day to day basis because these prisons were isolated from the public. Because of this, there is rarely any talks about prison reform due to the fact that its nowhere to be found on a day to day basis. This cartoon represents how flawed the prison system really is. It condemns people for the crimes that they do commit, but once their sentence is up – they do not provide them with the tools to succeed in life again and to not commit the same crimes as they did prior to going to prison. Furthermore having a mark on your record as a felon makes it so that it is very hard to find jobs — which in return causes these former prisoners to get back into criminal activity
Source: Dave Granlund https://www.davegranlund.com/cartoons/2012/07/24/us-prison-system/
February 17, 2019 at 4:09 pm #4151
In regards to this weeks theme about incarceration, I’ve found a image displaying facts about marijuana arrests among black, Hispanic, and white people. I believe that the true issue in influx of minorities being incarcerated lies not within the prisons themselves, but the courts. The war on drugs has turned from keeping a drug free society into an excuse to lock up Black people for minor offenses. Coming from California, where marijuana is now legalized, it’s hard to fathom that some people are still serving sentences for just carrying. Looking even closer, it’s obvious to see that most of those incarcerated for this offense are Black. Only 2% of white people and 9% of Hispanic are convicted in comparison to 89% of black people, despite usage being equal among all backgrounds. In fact, this hasn’t been a recent issue. Head of the DEA in 1930-60s Harry Anslinger has made multiple comments proving this institutionalized racism, including that marijuana will make white women “want to seek sexual relations with negroes”. It’s hard to look past this apparent issue with marijuana becoming less taboo for a majority of our society, but yet a ticket to incarceration for Black people.
Picture: January 2018 by Ben Zalatan
February 17, 2019 at 4:09 pm #4152
I found this distributing image earlier this week and it had me in shock. This is an image of Tallahassee Police arresting a man who was suspected of Theft, however, the arrested man’s two year old daughter walks toward the officer and her father with her hands up. This was extremely heart breaking and distributing to witness as the innocence of childhood is clearly shown. Although it was later discovered that the father had been guilty of theft, this made me consider the many innocent black men and women who were wrongly arrested and charged in front of their own children and the impacts this would bring their development. According to a action plan titled “Children of Incarcerated Parents: An Action Plan for Federal Policymakers” published by the The Council of State Governments Justice Center in 2009, many children were traumatized by witnessing their parents being arrested. This piece includes a 1998 national study from the Children of Incarcerated Parents Project that said, of parents who were arrested “67 percent were handcuffed in front of their children, 27 percent reported weapons were drawn, 4.3 percent reported a physical struggle, and 3.2 percent reported the use of pepper spray.” This can lead of a series of mental issues in these children. Along with this, the racial targeting of arrests increases the likelihood of deviance, bad behavior, and irritability among children in the stigmatized group. According to a Rutgers University publication titled “CHILDREN AND FAMILIES OF THE INCARCERATED FACT SHEET”, while 1 in 28 children have an incarcerated parent, the statistic for African American children is 1 in 9 while for white children, it is 1 in 57. This racial difference says a lot about the United States’ policies regarding incarceration and arrest. Racial groups are stigmatized and targeted, showing innocent children the aggressive inequalities they will face in the future. This never-ending cycle is detrimental to both parents as well as the development of their children.
CHILDREN AND FAMILIES OF THE INCARCERATED FACT SHEET. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://nrccfi.camden.rutgers.edu/files/nrccfi-fact-sheet-2014.pdf
Children of Incarcerated Parents. (2018, June 26). Retrieved from https://nicic.gov/children-of-incarcerated-parents
Nickel, J., Garland, C., & Kane, L. (n.d.). Children of Incarcerated Parents: An Action Plan for Federal Policymakers. Retrieved from http://csgjusticecenter.org/reentry/publications/children-of-incarcerated-parents-an-action-plan-for-federal-policymakers/
Video By: Unknown
Found on WCTV.tv with article titled “Video shows toddler with hands up in front of officers with rifles during TPD arrest” published on January 18, 2019.
February 17, 2019 at 4:16 pm #4158
This image comes from a New York Times article entitled “As Inmates, They Fight California’s Fires. As Ex-Convicts, Their Firefighting Prospects Wilt.” In the California Camp Fires of 2018, inmates were employed to put out the fires. These inmates were paid an average of $2 per day, while firefighters are paid $20+ per hour. This is only one example of taking advantage of prison labor. In this article a previously incarcerated woman remembers her training as an inmate firefighter that would put out fires like any other firefighter. The one difference is that she was repeatedly reminded that she would not be employed as a firefighter once she was released because “criminals will not get hired.” Though some prisoners are offered time off of their sentences if they took part in the program, the risk of death is always eminent. For prisoners who are putting their lives on the line, one would think they would be at least paid a fair wage. However, our prison system’s foundation is based on the dehumanization of inmates.
February 17, 2019 at 4:16 pm #4159
inmate photo: Tony Avelar, 2010
graduation photo: Mike Carriveau, 2017
I think two instances where we think of people lining up are at graduations or ceremonies and as prisoners. These situations are perhaps exactly the opposite because being incarcerated takes away most of one’s opportunities for careers, housing, and education.
February 17, 2019 at 4:29 pm #4164
This photo is from an article that talks about mass incarceration. In this article, it explains that the ratio of three black men for every five black women in predominantly African-American neighborhoods, in comparison to 97 white men for every 100 white women. These statistics can be explained due to black men having higher mortality and incarceration rates. But more than that, it was due to mass incarceration. Statistics show that “One in every 2.5 black women has a family member in prison, more than three times the number for white women” (Maciag 1). It shows that there are racist connotations when putting people to prison. This article is related to this class because it also relates to the movie we have seen in class on Wednesday talking about shocking ststistics like how one out of three black men would have gone to prison once, in a predominantly African-American neighborhood.
Source: Mike Maciag, Governing – February 2019
February 17, 2019 at 4:45 pm #4175
For this week, I have chosen a photo by Erick Risberg in an article from eji.org of the living quarters of a private own prison. The article goes over two of the biggest private prisons companies income of 3 billion dollars from more then 120,000 people in their prisons given from the federal government. Also goes over the methodology of these prisons of hiring lobbyist to influence the state criminal policies in order to keep their “lock-up quota” in check, essentially making sure their prisons are always full to make money from.
February 17, 2019 at 4:46 pm #4177
I chose this photo taken in 2017 from Eji.org, a website that actually discusses mass incarceration, children in prisons, and racial injustice. This photo depicts bunk beds lined right next to each other, and shows how cramped these prisoners are. There is barely any space to walk around, and people are practically sleeping an arm’s length away from another person. It can also be noted that most of the men in the room are black males, compared to the one white male in the photo. Not only does this look like a fire hazard waiting to happen or a living situation that just looks too tight to be comfortable, but it’s also a reflection of our prison systems today and how mass incarceration is continuing to push people, especially black men, down in society.
February 17, 2019 at 4:52 pm #4182
most people know that white males are more likely to get a job, make more money than a black man with the same qualifications. however the reason I choose this photo is because according to the NAACP there is a higher chance for a white male felon to receive a call back for a job than that of a black man with the same qualifications without a felon. meaning that we trust white convicted felons more than we trust black males without any criminal record. when people are arrested for a crime and sent to prison their lives change dramatically, call backs are reduced by at least 50% for each individual. there is a movement called ban the box, which delays companies from asking about criminal records before the first interview. this has been adopted by 9 states which has increased getting jobs for individuals with criminal records.
February 17, 2019 at 5:23 pm #4192
I chose this picture from the AP, taken by Gerald Herbert, which shows modern prison labor in Black and White. Instead of colorizing antique pictures to allow people to more closely identify and understand previous racial transgressions, this picture is one modern prison labor made it black and white. Because most pictures of “clear-cut racism” are shown in black and white, this allows people to see the similarities between penal labor and slavery. This picture is particularly striking, with the White man on a horse watching over the mostly Black laborers, because of the clear parallels to the historical motifs prevalent in our depictions and understanding of slavery.
February 17, 2019 at 5:32 pm #4194
We’ve been talking about incarceration, specifically the mass incarceration of black men, as a form of racial segregation and oppression, and how incarceration can significantly diminish the future prospects of formerly incarcerated folks. I think we tend to focus more on the physical realities of incarceration and its effects than the trauma and the emotional violence that it inflicts on formerly incarcerated folks. Kalief Browder is one of the first people that come to mind when I consider the ways that segregation through incarceration can significantly affect and determine a person’s outcome.
Kalief Browder was wrongfully imprisoned at 16 for supposed theft. He spent three years on Riker’s Island, one of the most dangerous and violent prisons in the states, and was forced into solitary confinement for at least two of those years. He was eventually released from prison after it was determined that there was a lack of evidence to support that Browder had committed the theft. Browder and his family sued the NYPD, the Bronx DA, and Department of Corrections for his imprisonment. I don’t believe any of these institutions were found guilty or held accountable for the incredible violence and damage they caused to Browder and his family. After suffering from years of trauma and depression following his incarceration, Browder died by suicide. His story is one of gross abuse of a system that allows for the targeted oppression, incarceration, and segregation of black men that has far more serious consequences than we could ever imagine, beyond just the physical.
February 17, 2019 at 10:42 pm #4202
This image shows data released by the FBI on people killed by the police by race. Here, it shows that although 13% of the U.S. population is black, 31% of people that are killed by the police are black. Take note that these statistics are from 2012 and not data from decades ago. This revelation that the police have killed a disproportionate amount of black people connects to the number of blacks in prisons. It is a fact that there is more blacks in prison then compared to other races. The cause of this might be a police prejudice towards blacks more than any other group. Convicted felons lose their right to vote among other opportunities and creates a lower class in society. Police data such as this image reveals a radicalized America.
Image found by Dara Lind (email@example.com), sourced from FBI data.
February 17, 2019 at 10:51 pm #4203
This image depicts the consequences of the American “tough on crime” mentality. The American flag imagery coupled with a play on the striped prison uniform with a ball and chain emphasizes the dehumanization of prisoners at the hands of the structural racism that is woven into the fabric of American institutions. Not only is mass incarceration a new form of extreme segregation, but it is also a form of racial control that strips prisoners who are unjustly locked away of their human rights and dignity, and continues to perpetuate the marginalization of primarily black men.
Artist: Oliver Munday
February 18, 2019 at 12:50 pm #4207
For week 6 I’m sharing a photo that I talked about in class. This photo is from an ad where a man is in the shower washing himself with a bar of soap while some happy-toned music is playing, until it slips out of his hand onto the ground. Immediately the music stops, the tone turns dark, and a gruff voice says, “you gonna pick that up?” the next shot (where the hand grabs his shoulder) is the shot I chose to share. It pretty clearly looks to be the hand of a person of color, crudely done up with tattoos, all in an effort for the company to best signify that this is a criminal. This itself is the sort of racial undercaste that we’ve been talking about thats been created. The structural racism that exists within the 13th amendment and the prison industrial complex as a whole has disproportionately stigmatized black and brown bodies as being dangerous and criminalistic. I should also mention that this isn’t a commercial for some sort of soap or something like that, it’s a commercial for a law firm, which to me adds a whole other layer to the dynamics at play, i.e. who the ad is targeting and how it does that, etc. These are interesting themes to keep in mind when tracing how these systems still work in the mechanisms of society today.
February 18, 2019 at 2:34 pm #4209
Maria Diana TriplettParticipant
This picture I chose this week was from the TV show empire, the scene is where one of the main characters Cookie Lyon is arrested and as she is put in the car she yells ” if I die in police custody I did not commit suicide”. I chose this because I remember watching Empire and just relaxing on one of my off days when I saw this scene and its obvious reference to Sandra Bland, a Black woman who died while being detained by the police for running a stop light. I remember feeling that little piece of reality in watching this show in that while this Black show that is known for its comedy and drama decided to include that was because this experience is all too real to the Black experience and everyday life. I know this week we talked about mass incarceration but also I think it’s important to highlight the death of Black people while incarcerated that we hardly hear about or even seem to care about. I think in Sandra’s situation it showed me how Black people already so criminalized in their natural being by society there presence and circumstances in Prison and detainment is very much undervalued being that it can always be justified by a society that sees there being as a threat. So this image for me represented that reality that I live in as a Black woman in that there is a constant reminder to that experience and reality because it is real.
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