Group for our Fall 2018 Environmental Racism course
Week 8 photo share
November 19, 2018 at 1:04 pm #2644
Please submit your image and brief summary to reflect on this week’s theme: Standing Rock and #NoDAPL. Remember to include photographer/artist name (or source) and date of the image.
November 19, 2018 at 6:11 pm #2651
This photo captures the deforestation that was caused by the palm oil companies in Santa Clara de Uchunya. In this deforestation lies unfair actions since the indigenous community members that inhabit this place were not able to keep their ancestors land due to a lack of legal papers for all of the acres. This reinstates the focus we touched in class in which the nation tends to focus primarily on money, land, and profit rather than other significant factors within populations, and the violence and sense of villainry that comes from colonialistic actions.
Photographer: Mathias Rittgerott
Source: World Resource Institute “As Indigenous Groups Wait Decades for Land Titles, Companies Are Acquiring Their Territories”
November 20, 2018 at 11:25 am #2657
The image that I chose for this week depicts a sign reading “violence against land is violence against us”. This image relates to the ongoing destruction of sacred Navajo land for the purpose of drilling for oil. This has been an ongoing issue, but activities were momentarily been halted in March due to widespread discontent among Navajo leaders, activists, and environmental groups. This example relates to class our discussion on the Dakota access pipeline, as both instances involve the exploitation of indigenous lands for capital profit. Just as happened in Standing Rock, the government supported the robbery of sacred land so that individuals other than who actually owns the land, predominately White Americans, could benefit. Exploiting the land hurts the Navajo people as their way of life is disturbed and displaced. This image also relates to the Patrick Wolfe reading and how land is so important to indigenous people that contests for land are often contests for life. Land often plays an integral role in identity, so degrading scared land can be equated to degrading cultural practices and indigenous ways of life. Exploitation for oil also contributes to global trends of increasing temperature, which could be reduced by protecting and securing sovereignty of indigenous land, as Dhillon suggests.
Source: Wild Earth Guardians, John Horning
Date: March 27th, 2018
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by Chloe Hill.
November 21, 2018 at 1:10 pm #2661
Leonel Perez HernandezParticipant
In our class we have discussed the colonial logics that operate and support the North Dakota Access Pipeline. This pipeline is projected to carry oil from North Dakota to Illinois. As mentioned in class by Professor Kharputly, the pipeline had spilled before it is scheduled to be operational. The colonial project is one that is full of greed that completely erases the humanity out of Indigenous and people of color in the United States. While land is important for the colonial project, it has depended on genocide on Black and Indigenous people.
Artist/Photographer: Alex Wong/Getty Images)
“Activists participate in a protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline on March 10, 2017, in Washington, D.C. ”
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by Leonel Perez Hernandez.
November 22, 2018 at 4:50 pm #2670
The photo I chose for this week depicts a large crowd with a bright red sign with bold letters “Defend the Sacred”. What I found most interesting about this website and this photo in general is that they never mentioned that they were protesting, but in fact that they were protecting the water. This reminded me of our discussion this week about Standing Rock and how the government refuses to recognize the needs of others and how they could simply use their land for profit or because it provided them with a quick and cheap alternative.
Date Published: Not Stated/Unkown
November 23, 2018 at 12:09 pm #2674
I chose this image for this week’s photo share because it demonstrates what we have discussed in class, that the Dakota Pipeline contaminated water that was used by the Sioux Nation. This image depicts a young child holding a sign that reads, “I can live without oil. I cannot live without water.” This demonstrates the government’s lack of respect for this land because they do not acknowledge who is currently living there, members of the Sioux Nation, and how they are affected by this pipeline. The ongoing structure of colonialism affecting environmental risks for indigenous people is prevalent and ongoing. Because of structures just like these, we continue to see indigenous people protecting their lands, which their lives have been centered around.
Photographer: Alex Wong
Date: October 28, 2016
November 24, 2018 at 9:49 am #2678
The image I picked shows a 2017 protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline. I chose this specific image because of the sign in focus that declares “Water is Life” and how this ties into Wolfe’s emphasis on the different ways in which land is life to different communities. He writes, “Land is life—or, at least, land is necessary for life. Thus contests for land can be— indeed, often are—contests for life” (87). Therefore, one of the rhetorics for the #NoDAPL movement is that this is a battle for life. Beyond that, however, this is a battle for a healthy, safe life guaranteed to us by the Declaration of Independence in which “all men are created equal” and they “are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” The idea that protestors against the DAPL, specifically Indigenous communities, believe that land is life, or water is life, is undeniable. The real question, for me at least, is how politicians and those in power can refuse to value that same belief for all communities and human beings.
Photographer: Jim Watson
Credit: AFP/Getty Images
Date: December 2017
November 24, 2018 at 2:28 pm #2684
I chose this image to this week’s discussion because of its’ use of the term “respect.” Liked discussed in class, the DAPL proves who America’s society deems worthy of “respect.” The implementation of this pipeline pushes respect of indigenous people’s right to life out the window. Like Wolfie previously explained, water is part of land, which is life so by disrespecting that, American’s disregard indigenous people’s freedom to a quality life.
National Nurses United
October 10, 2016
November 24, 2018 at 3:48 pm #2686
In this photo of protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline, members of “Rezpect Our Water”, a movement made up of young indigenous people, hold up a sign that says “Mni Wiconi”, which means “water is life” in the Lakota Language. This group sought to gain public attention and support against the DAPL by holding rallies and by hosting a 2,000 mile run from North Dakota to Washington D.C., which gained national attention. The group’s ability to garner support laid especially in their being primarily made up of youths. Their efforts parallel those of the 21 children suing the U.S. over climate change, as both groups are protecting their inalienable rights to life, of which water is essential.
Source: Community Commons; https://www.communitycommons.org/2016/11/beyond-the-pipeline-standing-rock-sioux-tribe/
- photographer and date unknown
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by HOLLY LUNG.
November 24, 2018 at 3:56 pm #2689
For this weeks photo share I decided to post a photo of an image that was taken in the midst of all the protesting for Standing Rock. This image was taken November 1, 2016 on highway 1806 in North Dakota. In the image you can see how there is two sides fighting here, those who are against the DAPL and those who are attempting to keep the protestors out. In this picture you see that protests of all around have come to help prevent to implementation of the DAPL, these protestors carry signs and are even dressed with varying colors. The police on the other hand carry boutons, masks and gas tanks as if they were ready to enter into a violent scene. As discussed in class these protestors are in fact no identified as protestors but rather they are water protectors, simply trying to protect their own rights to clean water. In addition to the water protectors, we also identified another group, the police. We explained in class that while water protectors were simply voicing their own opinions, the police began such violent attacks on to these people in order to keep them out and shut them down. Which is exactly what this picture depicts, we see these protectors lined up side by side while we see the police come in with such instruments of violence for no other purpose than to disrupt and endanger the lives of those who are not in agreeance for what they believe.
Photographer: Rob Wilson
Date: November 1, 2016
Location: North Dakota
November 25, 2018 at 1:50 pm #2705
The image I chose shows 19 Indigenous people holding up a sign that reads “PROTECTORS” in glowing letters. They are fighting against federal and state charges by protecting their land and community. That is why they don’t call themselves protesters, because they are simply protecting what already belongs to them. In class we also talked about how the word protester is stigmatized and implies defiance while the word protector is admirable. I noticed that there are people of all ages in this photo, including children because it is something that affects their entire nation.
Author of Article: Mahtowin Munro
Date: June 23, 2018
November 25, 2018 at 3:26 pm #2707
This graphic shows the size of major spills form the Dakota Access Pipeline and adjoining Energy Transfer Crude Oil Pipeline in 2017. When protesters attempted to block construction of the pipelines, citing concerns of air and water pollution, damage to Native land, and risk of spillage, they were shut down and arrested. Now, land and lives are compromised with endless water and soil contamination. It is a harrowing thought that the federal government will punish Americans for exercising their rights and standing up for their livelihoods, just to humor special interests they’ve struck deals with.
Source: The Intercept, https://www.openinvest.co/blog/where-is-the-dapl-now/
November 25, 2018 at 5:03 pm #2709
WARNING: SENSITIVE CONTENT
I chose this photo because it shows one of the more violent protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline. Here the protestors are protesting against police officers in a stream near the Standing Rock Indian Reserve in North Dakota. I find this scene particularly horrifying, especially due to the pepper spray being sprayed at the protestors in the stream. I find the motif of water in this picture particularly interesting, due to the protestors having to cross the stream in order to get to reservation–almost as though water is the only thing getting in the way of their goal. This reminded me of the reading by Wolfe in which he explained that “water is necessary for life”, and how just the mere access to water is for those who have the resources to sustain that access. Unfortunately, due to the creation of this pipeline, the residents of Standing Rock have to fight to maintain this life-giving resource, while most of us do not.
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by Rachel Gonzalez.
November 25, 2018 at 5:06 pm #2712
Through class discussion last Monday, I thought about the nuclear factory. Same as standing rock and #NoDAPL, there is an environmental issue which local people disagree, which is the nuclear factory in Japan. Japan is the dependent country which cannot get natural resources by ourselves. However, the government and companies try R&D to get natural resources by ourselves. Then, the government recently restarts the nuclear factory in Fukui, northern prefecture. In 2011, the nuclear factories in Fukushima were exploded because of the earthquake. After that, all the nuclear factory stopped. However, since 2016, the nuclear factory in Fukui restart because Fukui is the rural area. This is really difficult issues in Japan. I understand that Japan need energy by ourselves if we can because nobody know whether we can import energy in the future or not, especially recently, the Mideast is unstable and the trade war also happens. However, in my opinion, even though the nuclear factory has restarted, the government should provide something with people who live in Fukui, like financial support or an alternative place to live.
November 25, 2018 at 5:33 pm #2714
Here is a picture of the United States government sending fully armed National Guard units to disperse those protesting at Standing Rock. It seems ridiculous to use military forces to dispel protectors of their own land because it is. They are encroaching on their land by building a disastrous pipeline that will soil the water and dirt. All of this is so devastating to the Native American community as they have time and time again been screwed over. This is a practice the US government knows too well, to betray Native Americans after already having an agreement with them. I hope one day we won’t have to look back at this period of our lives as another dark era for the indigenous community.
Source: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/military-force-criticized-dakota-access-pipeline-protests by Jenni Monet
November 25, 2018 at 5:33 pm #2716
For this week, I choose this image to reflect on what happened with the #NoDAPL, this image is captured of the people protesting for the Sioux from other part of the country. I choose this picture because I found it ironic that people are using tents and camps and industrialized equipment to protest for the reservation of nature. I felt like we are at a point where we need to learn to coexist with one and another with our different lifestyles. Also, I feel like if people not part of the Sioux are against this pipeline, then honestly there is something fundamentally wrong with our government when it comes to environmental racism.
Source: Horses graze early on the morning of Sept. 14, 2016, at the Oceti Sakowin camp near the Standing Rock Reservation in North Dakota, where thousands of people are camped in solidarity with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe in opposition to the Dakota Access pipeline project. It’s reportedly the largest gathering of Native Americans in more than a century. RNS photo by Emily McFarlan Miller
November 25, 2018 at 5:59 pm #2718
Hope everyone had a restful break. I found this weeks’ image in an article titled, “How Native Americans spend Thanksgiving: ‘This is a time that is a funeral for a lot of us.'” It’s an image taken 2016 of people protesting Standing Rock on a day we all have known as Thanksgiving. This image makes me sad because these people have been fighting and it reminded me of the victory when Obama halted it, a little too late in my opinion, but Trump later overturned that and had it completed. Not only that but I’m reminded of the historic genocide of indigenous people as well as how we have become so accustomed to and disassociated from their suffering throughout time despite the fact that we stand on their land. Adding salt to the wound I heard Thanksgiving wasn’t even made into a holiday until 200 years after the pilgrims came through and pillaged them. In the article they refer to this holiday as “Unthanksgiving” or “National Day of Mourning” but I see it as Takesgiving, since almost everything they’ve known and own has been taken from them. It’s heartbreaking to see them attempting to hold onto the little bit they have to this day. This goes back to what we learned in Dhilon’s article and discussed in class about the colonial, capitalist, political powers that play the largest role in this ongoing struggle.
Pacific Press/Getty Images. November 24, 2016
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by ASMA ABDI.
November 25, 2018 at 6:33 pm #2721
The DAPL issue brings upon an environmental and cultural tragedy but also brings public attention though mass media on the issue. The issue, like the Flint waters, is one of a larger scheme to disregard people of color, ignoring ethics and highlighting corporate influence. The pipeline not only is an environmental loss but also a cultural loss as it runs through a reservation owned by the Standing Rock Tribe. Attempts to smear the campaign to stop the pipelines show the underlying priorities of the government, choosing capital over people.
Date: November 13, 2018
November 25, 2018 at 6:40 pm #2723
JACKELINE RECINOS LOPEZParticipant
This week I decided to share a photo of the Dakota Access Pipeline construction. Throughout this course we have been talking about the colonizer story. Colonizers take over land they believe will be used better under their control. To indigenous communities, land is sacred and the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline is an invasion, especially since it is not land run by the United States government. Going along with the colonizer narrative, the United States government and big oil companies will not see themselves as invaders. To them they are using the land for for money and money is important to life.
Photographer: Kristina Barker for the New York Times
November 25, 2018 at 6:55 pm #2725
I chose this photo for one of this week’s theme #NoDAPL that we have discussed in class on Monday. The reason I chose this is because, I thought it was strong enough to show the seriousness water contamination the pipeline has created. I believe that water is source that is needed for human. It’s critical and so important that we used and consume every second and every time. However, from the photo the line “NO WATER CONTACT” came shocking to me. People who are living around that area, have to endure the pain that they receive because of the oil spill.
Photo by Jed Jacobsohn
November 25, 2018 at 7:23 pm #2731
I chose this picture because it requires the reclaiming of land from the United States government to an indigenous population, and the inherently flawed countermeasures taken to resist such a return. The Lenape were a tribe that occupied current day Delaware prior to the European colonization of the Americas. Recently, the surviving and affiliated Lenape people have announced their intention to reclaim parts of their territory, such as the cemetery currently being used as a firing range to train Delaware State Police. This image is relevant to this week because it portrays the blatant disrespect for indigenous people as well as how the sacred history of their land is completely ignored, which is what happened with the Dakota Access Pipeline. While this land was not used for mining and excavation purposes, the unnecessarily extreme pushback on the part of the dominant group is quite unnecessary and only represents a part of the greater story.
Artist: Rob Tornoe
November 25, 2018 at 7:26 pm #2733
In “What Standing Rock Teaches Us About Environmental Justice”, Jaskiran Dhillon discussed how the Sioux people would call themselves “protectors” rather than “protestors”. The Sioux are protecting their water from being contaminated from the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, for the land is under their control and not of the United States governments. This image conveys how the Sioux saw themselves in their case, for they are defending and protecting their water. The land the pipeline is said to be constructed is not under United States control, and the Water Protectors are merely defending land that is theirs. The resistance camps were a form of protesting, for protesting is a form of protecting what is theirs.
Article: “The Dakota Access Pipeline: An Uncertain Future”
Author: Kyle Ferrar
Date of Article: December 10, 2016
November 25, 2018 at 8:17 pm #2735
This picture spoke to me because of the words that said “we are water” because water is not just a physical necessity but it is life. Water directly affects all aspects of life such as the land and the people and without it, nothing would survive. Therefore, it’s sad to see that because these are Native Americans, that the government thinks that it’s acceptable to contaminate their water. From the video in class, it just boggled me that the pipelines were originally supposed to be in a white neighborhood but they protested it. However, when the Sioux did the same, the oil companies still allowed it, even though that’s their main source of water. I think the statement “we are water” is a strong, bold statement that says enough about the indigenous population’s emotions towards water.
Source: Mark Trahant, August 22, 2016 https://www.yesmagazine.org/people-power/3-reasons-the-standing-rock-sioux-can-stop-the-dakota-access-pipeline-20160822
November 25, 2018 at 9:13 pm #2736
This image is from a protest of the Dakota Access Pipeline which occurred in St. Paul, Minnesota. In the photo, a young child holds up the sign “People Over Pipelines”. I chose this image for this week’s photo share because I thought it highlighted the neoliberal context in which this is all taking place. Corporations are increasingly valued over human lives. The rights of individuals are threatened by the intense protections given to private companies. Here and elsewhere, we have prioritized capital over individual freedoms. Of course, this is more relevant to certain communities. For communities like the white neighborhood that initially was meant to house the pipeline, there are ways to circumvent these tragedies (that also usually involve capital).
Source: Credit given to Fibonoacci Blue
Article: #NoDapl: Stopping Dakota Access & Enbridge https://powershift.org/nodapl-dakota-access-student-toolkit
November 25, 2018 at 9:16 pm #2738
This is a picture of the Sentinelese tribesmen who are defending their land from outsiders. The picture was taken after Indian officials attempted to recover the body of an American missionary who was supposedly killed by the tribe. He was supposedly killed after illegally entering their land to try and convert them to Christianity. It’s a sad and unfortunate thing that happened, but it could’ve been prevented if Americans knew to stay away from land and cultures that don’t belong to them. I also think it is ironic that this happened around the same time as Thanksgiving in which we should be reminded of the history of the land. It also ties into our discussion about Standing Rock where the tribe described themselves as “protectors” rather than protestors. The picture depicts this tribe simply protecting themselves from outsiders and potential diseases.
Photo by: Unknown
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by ANNMARIE BURGO.
November 25, 2018 at 10:43 pm #2752
As we all know, the trouble with the DAPL and all of the controversy that came with the announcement of the DAPL was broadcast all around the world but know one has done much talking about it since. The biggest issue with building the pipeline was the fact that it would be built on Native land and with no regard for the health of the individuals occupying the land around the pipeline. As of today, the pipeline has posed no threat to the safety of the individuals and has been operating very smoothly. This is great news but we still have to look at the fact the government didnt and still doesnt take into account the people occupying the land. This needs to be the topic of discussion within groups and the government.
Source: (Photo by Samuel Corum/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) / https://www.forbes.com/sites/brighammccown/2018/06/04/what-ever-happened-to-the-dakota-access-pipeline/
- This reply was modified 1 month, 3 weeks ago by Lanaya Lyles. Reason: Fix picture
November 25, 2018 at 10:52 pm #2755
The image I have chosen for this week was taken by indigenous photographer Josue Rivas*, and is titled “Resist”. It depicts two water protectors, one making peace signs with their hands, silhouetted against bright lights and in harsh conditions. Water protectors at the Oceti Sakowin Camp faced police brutality, including the use of rubber bullets and water cannons in freezing temperatures. Although under American law citizens are well within their rights to protest, the Sioux Standing Rock Tribe (and other Indigenous Nations and allies who gathered) faced extreme violence in response to their peaceful actions.
I find this image extremely powerful as it emphasises the conditions that water protectors faced and were still able to remain defiant and determined through. Our in-class discussion of the connotations of “defiant” surprised me, with so many people believing it was a negative attribute – I personally see defiance as people standing up for something they believe to be important, no matter what obstacles they face, and acting in a manner which has a positive outcome for many people, not just a selfish act. I think that this is why the title “Resist” is so apt: it is more than just resisting the implementation of a single pipeline, but of the ongoing disregard for Indigenous rights, land and bodies in America.
Source: https://www.josuerivasfoto.com/prints/resist (North Dakota, 2016)
*Rivas also gives a really good TED Talk, “Standing Rock: The Power of Telling Our Own Story”, in which he discusses ideas very similar to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichi’s “The danger of a single story” regarding the ability of Indigenous communities to control the narrative surrounding them in the mainstream media and news. (https://www.josuerivasfoto.com/tedx/)
November 25, 2018 at 11:04 pm #2759
The image that I chose shows the burning of the Oceti Sakowin camp in response to the pipeline near Cannon Ball and the following eviction of the people of the camp. I first stumbled upon this photo on Tumblr blog that was that was devoted to informing the public about what is actually going on in the Standing Rock camps. They described the burning of property in this photo to be was a sign of respect for the sacredness of the land. It was explained that by lighting their own land on fire, it was their way of making it so that these structures would die in dignity. However, another site, the one listed below, describes this same photo however with a different description, “Protesters calling themselves ‘water protectors’ have rallied against plans to route the Dakota Access Pipeline…”. Same photo, different authors, very different connotations. In this article, the water protectors are being shown as outlaws and those who are inticing violence. However, the true perpetrators of violence upon the people and the land are truly those who are associated with/responsible for the construction of the pipeline.
Date: February 22, 2017
Source: Terray Sylvester
November 25, 2018 at 11:09 pm #2761
This photo captures the essence of #NoDAPL through the demonstrations and collaboration of the hundreds of indigenous nations involved in supporting the Sioux Nation against the infringement of their land. The saying “Injustice Anywhere Threatens Justice Everywhere” brings attention to the lack of human empathy and priority placed on these people’s livelihoods and environmental health in favor of profit. Because the DAPL was rerouted from a wealthy white neighborhood through the sacred land, it is clear that for one reason or another, decision-makers in this process determined that the threat of the DAPL on environmental health was somehow more justified when the effects were on indigenous people, rather than on a wealthy white community. The sign makes clear that in addition to that fact that indigenous communities are already historically marginalized, the injustices committed against them through the construction of the pipeline should not be ignored by anyone, even those outside their community, and we must be accountable for the health and safety of communities outside our own for the sake of protecting the land and lifestyle that had been so wrongfully stolen from indigenous peoples so many years ago.
Photographer: Rob Wilson
November 25, 2018 at 11:10 pm #2763
This week’s topic had me reflect on the history of colonization and how there were so many native tribes located in America that cultivated and protected the land. These people never exploited the environment they were in but believed in giving back to it. This topic had me really focus on the isolation of the reservations and how they have changed over the years but most of all how they have decreased in population. In the photo, is Aaron Carapella, who drew all the native tribes that were established in America before European colonists came. This was very important because it shows the drastic change that has occurred, history has only capitalized on the major events that affected these Native Tribes but comparing the presence of Native people then and now it is heartbreaking to realize that they have been bullied into these reservations and cornered to stay there. Not only that but the fact that this economy continues to exploit and discriminate against them taking away the rights they have over their indigenous lands.
source: Aaron Carapella
title: Native American Nation: Our Own Names & Location
November 25, 2018 at 11:55 pm #2769
For this week’s photo share theme: Standing Rock and #NoDAPL, I chose this photograph from Leslie Peterson (Flickr). In this photograph, you can see a group of “water protectors” and their allies coming together, holding a banner that says “Water is Life” and “Defend the Sacred”. Representatives from about 300 of the 566 Native American tribes came together to prevent the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL), a conduit spanning 1,172 miles with the purpose of transporting crude oil from North Dakota to Illinois (newsframes.com). There have been debates about the narratives of the people, whether they were viewed as “protectors” or “protestors”, in which majority of them claim to be “protectors” of the water, with attempts to halt the Dakota Access Pipeline, which began to result in increased conflict, arrests, and violence.
Photographer: Leslie Peterson (Flickr)
Date of image: November 15, 2016
November 26, 2018 at 12:04 am #2773
This is a picture from the protest that occurred against the Dakota pipeline. It illustrates the role water played in the protest, and how part of the protest was because they feared the pipeline would contaminate their water source. We now see that they were correct and they lack clean water. This picture also brings us back to what we have discussed in other classes about the people who have access to clean water water in the United States. It clearly illustrates the U.S. disregard for other groups that are not white.
picture by http://www.yesmagazine.org/people-power/3-reasons-the-standing-rock-sioux-can-stop-the-dakota-access-pipeline-20160822
November 29, 2018 at 1:44 pm #2796
This photo belongs to Chameleon Horse Art & Design, and captures the fight against the Dakota Access Pipeline in a striking way. It looks like a child’s drawing, with the graph paper, the cartoon illustrations, and the imaginative way it captures the conflict at Standing Rock. The picture becomes a child’s viewpoint of the conflict, reminding people that children are also impacted by the pipeline. They are those without voices, those who cannot vote. And yet, there they are in the picture, holding up signs, observing the violence and destruction. This picture is a reminder of exactly how pervasive decisions like the Pipeline are–they make their way into the lives of families, children, and future generations.
Furthermore, I simply love the image of the pipeline as a hideous serpent winding across the landscape, spilling oil and dollar bills in its destructive path. The fighters on its back and in front of it are bright, fierce, and heroic. It is a truly fantastic capturing of rebellion.
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