Group for our Fall 2018 Environmental Racism course
Week 9 photo share
November 30, 2018 at 8:45 pm #2809
Please submit your image and brief summary to reflect on this week’s theme: trespassing. Remember to include photographer/artist name (or source) and date of the image.
This is your final photo share of the quarter.
December 1, 2018 at 2:24 pm #2830
In class, we spoke about how people of color can sometimes unknowingly maintain the white space. This picture is important because this society tries to pit people of color against each other especially by causing jealousy over having different job opportunities or different wages or by trying to compare their injustices. I think that statement is shown in the responses of non-Black people of<span class=”Apple-converted-space”> </span>color to the Black Lives Matter movement. The article below describes how some Latinx communities can contribute to anti-Blackness especially when they say things such as “Black and brown lives matter” or “what about us.” There won’t be change in this society if people of color don’t support each other, but making the movement black and brown downplays or disregards the struggle of Black people and police brutality. The liberation of all people of color is tied to the injustices against Black people in America and sitting quietly instead of supporting Black people is weakening the movement that will eventually benefit us all.<span class=”Apple-converted-space”> </span>
Photo by: Unknown
December 1, 2018 at 5:33 pm #2840
The image I chose for this week’s photo share demonstrates some of the ideas discussed in DiAngelo’s piece, “White Fragility.” DiAngelo explains how language is coded for whiteness, i.e. “I want a good school” is nearly synonymous with “I want an all-white school.” On that note, I would like to point out the poster held by the young boy on the far right which reads, “All I want for Christmas is a clean white school.” In this historical instance of a protest against integration in the 1960s, these anti-integration protestors clearly associate whiteness with purity, cleanliness, and qualities of good. Even more, as this is a protest against integration, particularly of schools, these white protestors exhibit white fragility in that they will not feel ‘safe’ if African Americans attend their schools, where in reality they will feel, as DiAngelo explains, racially uncomfortable for the first time. Another important thing to note about this image is that it repeats history. The poster encouraging support for states’ rights harkens back to the arguments of the Civil War in which southern, pro-slavery states used states’ rights as a political argument to mask their immoral claim to defending slavery. Overall, these white protestors demonstrate the reactionary mechanisms commonly acted out by individuals whose white fragility is threatened.
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Caption: Women protest against integration outside William Franz Elementary School in Louisiana in 1960.
December 1, 2018 at 8:12 pm #2842
The photo I decided to use for week 9 is of Jackie Robinson accomplishing a home run in a game against the Boston Brave in 1948. The reason I chose this image was that Robinson was a very historical figure due to the barriers he broke during a segregation era. When Robison was a baseball player he dealt with so much racism, and showering separately than from the rest of the baseball team is only one example of the barriers he faced. He, however, was still able to challenge the notion of the white space through his accomplishment as an athlete. His activism was also seen when he refused to sit in the back of a bus during his time of the military, as he challenged segregation and refused to feel as if he was a trespasser in this country. Robinson’s experience on the military bus is an example of how people of color are usually made to feel as if their problems are less valuable than those of white individuals and the mainstream variations of racism such as the perpetuation of unequal distribution of privileges.
Source: The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica
December 1, 2018 at 8:52 pm #2848
As a last photo share assignment, I would like to introduce a Japanese company, called Rakuten, Inc. The guy on the picture I posted is Hiroshi Mikitani, the CEO of Rakuten. The reason why I decided to post this picture is that currently, Rakuten attempts to break the barrier between Japanese and foreigner and give more places for foreign workers in the company. The strategy for these goals is that he changed the official language from Japanese to English at Rakuten. In my view, there are tons of factors which lead to a successful business, including diversity. Right now, the world society is changing rapidly; therefore, companies also need to change their business style as time goes by. Then, they need to have various type of discussion and opinion to find new business. As a result, diversity is highly important for the business right now. Therefore, I think that the innovation, changing the official language, by Rakuten remove the barrier between workers all over the world. Finally, I think that the ethnic is really important for everywhere to make something happiness. So, we should put the higher priority to think about ethnic for everything.
December 1, 2018 at 9:34 pm #2852
The photo I chose for this week’s photo share of “trespassing” is a photo of Yale University and of Lolade Siyanbola’s student ID. Siyanbola is a black graduate student at Yale who was napping in her dormitory common room when she was reported to campus police. When the officer came to the common room, they interrogated her saying, “We’re in a Yale building, and we need to make sure you belong here.” Then Siyanbola’s question of “Who does and who doesn’t belong,” connected with me with this week’s discussion in the fact that who determines whose space belongs to who. This made me think about Elijah Anderson’s article “The White Space,” where he stated that black people in white spaces often feel that they need to be, “‘on’, performing before a highly judgmental but socially distant audience” (Anderson 14). His whole article describes the difference between black and white spaces. In white spaces, white people question the presence of black people in “their town” and ask about their business or why they are there.
Photographer: Lisa Larson-Walker
Date: article published on 5/11/2018
December 2, 2018 at 11:30 am #2856
JACKELINE RECINOS LOPEZParticipant
This week I decided to share a photo of Amber Guyger and Botham Shem Jean. This photo is important because usually whenever we see police brutality stories in the media, the victim is portrayed negatively. The media usually uses previous mug shots of the victim or images that make the victim look like a criminal. In this image we see the police office Amber Guyger’s mug shot. There are no images of her with her family or any kids to make it seem like she’d never hurt anyone. The photo of the victim is of his in a suit and smiling. He isn’t being portrayed as a criminal like we’re so used to seeing. This image is also important because of the story behind it. On September 6, 2018 Amber Guyger entered an apartment she believed to be hers and shot and killed Botham Shem Jean. Botham Shem Jean was in his own apartment and Amber Guyger had actually entered his apartment then shot and killed him. After this she was arrested and charged with manslaughter. However, this week she was indicted on murder charge. This isn’t a conviction, but as we have seen time and time again, not every story makes it to this step. Many innocent black Americans have been shot and killed and the officer that killed them was never booked. This week we talked about how everyone plays a role in protecting the white space. Police brutality is a way we also protect the white space because most of the officers never get charged with any crime and often times it’s portrayed as the victim did something wrong.
I found this image on the cnn website with the story. The news story says they got the photo from Kaufman County Jail Facebook page, but I was unable to find it so I have added the cnn url.
December 2, 2018 at 1:56 pm #2858
This week I chose to share an image of 8 year old Jordan Rodgers. On July 14th, 2018, the police were called on the young African American girl for selling water on the sidewalk by a white woman (Alison Ettle), later known as Permit Patty. Ettle claimed she contacted authorities because the young African American girl did not have a permit to sell water on the sidewalk. Defined by Ettle’s actions, Rodgers was trespassing Ettle’s white space. The girl, even though only 8 years old, pushed Alison to such discomfort, that she saw the police as her only option to protect her space. The video went viral and Etlle faced so much backlash, she was pushed to resign from her job. Just as discussed in class, white people like Alison Ettle are often the ones who get to define what space belongs to who. And like Lalami exclaimed, social media is challenging this stigma.
Author: Seung Lee
Date: July 14th, 2018
December 2, 2018 at 3:10 pm #2860
Leonel Perez HernandezParticipant
I would like place the “To Pimp A Butterfly” cover art in the conversation of trespassing. The album was released in March 15, 2015, which touched upon themes of racial inequity, depression, African-American culture, and more. In the art cover, a group of primarily black males pose in front of the White House. In our current time, with the election of Barack Obama in 2008 the white house may represent a more liberal view of inclusion. However, I argue that the white house still represents an exclusive white male bourgeois space. Therefore, the album cover suggest a form of trespassing and reclamation. The construction of the white house has a direct connection to slavery. It can be read that this group of people are trespassing a certain white space, but I read it as a form of reclamation. The U.S was built upon the genocide and conquest of Indigenous and African life. Therefore, their presence serves as a signifier of genocide and conquest.
Kendrick Lamar: To Pimp a Butterfly Photograph: Universal, 2015
December 2, 2018 at 3:27 pm #2864
For the last weekly photo share with the theme of trespassing, I would like to share this image where Donte Robinson and Rashon Nelson are both arrested in a Starbucks for waiting at a table without purchasing an item. They asked to use the restroom but the manager said it was for paying customers only. However, from my personal experience, I’ve seen a lot of people use the restroom, including myself without buying any of their products. Furthermore, they were there for a meeting and did not cause any trouble. However, the manager decided to call the police to escort them out. I don’t believe that the situation had to be escalated this far. Mayor Kim Jenney and the CEO of Starbucks (who are white) were both publicly willing to address this issue. It’s funny to see that the police officer who did arrest them was also African American and believed the officer instead of asking the victims any questions first. Even people of color can still commit crimes to other people of color when they are in the presence of white people. Pretty much it seems that most places belong to the rich or the white.
Source: https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/02/us/starbucks-arrest-agreements/index.html on May 2nd, 2018 by Yon Ponrenze and Darran Simon
December 2, 2018 at 5:18 pm #2878
The image that I chose for this week relates to our conversation on white fragility. In this cartoon, a woman of color is attempting to have a discussion about race with a white woman. However, the white woman is very defensive and continuously shuts down the other woman’s comments. This does a great job at visually representing the ways that white people are triggered when put in a situation surrounding race and racism. As discussed in class, white people often get defensive when talking about race because they mostly live segregated lives. As a result, many white individuals are not properly equipped to talk about race and racism, or feel uncomfortable when they are forced to do so. Often, people of color take the initiative to help educate white Americans about racism, but the responsibility should not fall in their hands
Illustrator: Barry Deutsch
Date: 24th July, 2018
- This reply was modified 1 month, 2 weeks ago by Chloe Hill.
December 2, 2018 at 5:53 pm #2885
I chose this image for this week because it demonstrates how black people are treated when they occupy a white space. In Oakland, California, a white woman called the police on a black family who were barbequing at the park because they were not using the right type of grill. Cases, such as this, make us aware of how we treat people of color differently in a predominantly white space. If this family was white, this woman would not have called the police on them. The stigma that people of color are dangerous and cause problems in the “white space” is prevalent and ongoing in our country. Capturing images of cases just like this woman calling the police for a family barbequing is necessary for us to see and understand so that we can spread awareness of the mistreatment and racism we cause to people of color. The problem of trespassing is not “outsiders” trying to take over a white space, but white space systematically discriminating and segregating people of color.
By: Carla Herreria
- This reply was modified 1 month, 2 weeks ago by Oriyan Shoshani.
December 2, 2018 at 6:02 pm #2889
This photo of Simone Manuel by Adam Pretty is of a candid picture of her receiving her gold medal in swimming. Simone won her medal in swimming for the Rio Olympics of 2016. She is the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming ever. The powerful stereotype that black people can’t swim has stuck in America for years. It perpetuates the idea that black people are unable to do the simplest of things. Simone has not only infiltrated the white space but she has eclipsed it. What she has done is monumental and serves as a role model for future generations.
December 2, 2018 at 6:03 pm #2891
This week’s photo I have chosen is in conversation with DiAngelo’s piece on white fragility. It is a screencap from a video by AJ+ called “White Fragility in the Workplace”. The video is satirical and pretty comical, poking fun at the way that people of color have to deal with white nonsense in their work environments. In this particular scenario, the man on the left expresses his disbelief that Trump wants to build ‘the wall’ and says that it must really upset his co-worker, the man on the right, being that he is Mexican. When the man on the right corrects him, informing him that he is actually Bolivian, the white man erupts, asking how dare his co-worker correct him, and citing that he went to Berkeley (Berkeley!!!!!). DiAngelo addresses exactly this when she notes that, when feeling attacked, “many white liberals use the speech of self-defense.” By responding by citing the “liberal” university they attended, white folks who feel attacked are “focusing on restoring their moral standing” while “deflecting any recognition of culpability or need for accountability” (DiAngelo). The entire video does a pretty good job of getting at the microagressions and constant ‘racial discomfort’ (to use DiAngelo’s vocabulary) that people of color must endure, and the very low threshold of ‘racial discomfort’ that their white counterparts can endure.
Source: “White Fragility in the Workplace/ Newsbroke (AJ+)” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZPDpcYEdiOg
Posted by account “Newsbroke” on Youtube Aug 29, 2016
December 2, 2018 at 6:41 pm #2899
This is the frame in which the world saw its first canonical black storm trooper. It is a frame from the teaser trailer of Star Wars: The Force Awakens. A big Star Wars movie had not been made in years, and a ton of people were deftly excited to see a new trailer. But the appearance of John Boyega (who plays Finn), a black man, in a storm trooper suit sent some tremors around the internet. Star Wars, like many science fiction movies, TV shows, and books, consisted of a predominately white cast in its early days (and thus predominately white fans). This effectively made the films, world, and stories a white space. Over time, with Star Wars 7 leading the way, the casting has become somewhat more inclusive. And yet there are some people who see this as trespassing.
Some fans of the original Star Wars movies have made it clear through articles and social media posts (as well as hate mail and online harassment) that they liked having white men as the lead roles. People have harassed Daisy Ridley (the actress who plays Rey, the female protagonist of episodes 7 and 8), John Boyega, and especially Kelly Marie Tran (an Asian American actor who was fantastic in episode 8). This harassment and tumult shows how people become used to whiteness dominating media, and see anything that begins to change that as an attack. Even in an imagined space like Star Wars white space builds its walls.
It is also interesting to note that people complained about John Boyega playing a storm trooper in particular. The Empire in the old movies, and The First Order in the new movies are allegories for fascism and Nazi Germany, and have been especially white spaces on purpose. The fact that some fans consider a black storm trooper to be trespassing illuminates just what those fans see as their own space.
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December 2, 2018 at 6:48 pm #2902
For this week, we talked a lot about white fragility and white space. I picked this cartoon for this week because it reminds me of the discussions we had in class about how white can benefit from being white even if they don’t have that intention. This image talks about the defensive nature when people are getting called out about racism. It’s human’s mechanism to defend against what they don’t want to be. However, they do not accept the fact that white privilege and space exists because they lived their life not knowing about it and believe they’re not part of it.
<h2>What Racism Is(n’t) About</h2>
Cartoon by Barry
December 2, 2018 at 6:54 pm #2904
The image that I chose for this week relates to our conversation on white fragility. This is one slide of a cartoon that shows that the woman is ordering a coffee mentioning “Ok, then… black coffee and white half & half” where it shows the sensitivity of white people on the word “black” and the word “race” that is written on the sign. I believe that this could express the term “white fragility” itself. Also, when I saw this cartoon, it reminded me of the term “Political Correctness” where everything has to be equal and right. Like they have to mention every other races and minorities, to be correct and for the equality, which it doesn’t have to be like that. I believe that for both “white fragility” and “political correctness” they want to avoid any kinds of critics or being accused of ignorance.
By Dave Granlund
- This reply was modified 1 month, 2 weeks ago by DONGHEON LEE.
December 2, 2018 at 7:15 pm #2908
For this week’s photo share I have decided to pick an image that was taken at a protest, that demonstrates a powerful sign. The sign states, “But why did you need not 1 not 2 not 3 not 4 not 5 not 6 but 7 cops there?”. This sign relates exactly to the idea of trespassing which is what we discussed in week nine. Similar to what was explained in class, trespassing is defined as the cost of being black in a white neighborhood. It is the cost of profiling, these individuals are simply in the space yet because of their appearance and the color of their skin they are classified as not belonging in the space and therefore they are attacked. It is because of their skin color or their appearance that not 1 or 2 cops needed to be there but 7.
December 2, 2018 at 7:40 pm #2910
While discussing the idea of white space and the “trespassing” of this space, I learned what white space actually entailed. These were the spaces that were predominantly exclusionary to people of color. If someone of a different background ever dared to try to access these same amenities, they were seen as trespassers. This image shows a once public pool in Cairo, Illinois being switched into a “private pool” in order to keep the space white. Until our discussion regarding the stigma around black individuals and swimming pools, I never really understood how such laws still had such a lasting impact on those who access these same amenities today.
Date: June 18, 1964
Source: Danny Lyon/Library of Congress
December 2, 2018 at 7:44 pm #2912
I feel the chosen image depicts the topic of white spaces and trespassing. In the reading “The White Space”, Elijah Anderson defined the white space as an overwhelming presence of white folks and how people of color, especially black and indigenous folks, are seen as trespassing and unwelcomed within this space, however people of color can also reinforce the idea of a white space. This image shows black folks protesting outside the a space that claims to be for “Members Only”, however those who are considered members and excluding black folks from the space are white. The black folks are excluded from the space as if they are trespassing. This image is an example of how white spaces reinforce the idea of white supremacy, for those who are excluded are viewed as less than.
Article Title: “The Time Danny Lyon Nearly Killed John Lewis”
Date of Image: 1962
Image by: Danny Lyon
Website of Source: https://www.phaidon.com/agenda/photography/articles/2016/august/11/the-time-danny-lyon-nearly-killed-john-lewis/
December 2, 2018 at 8:52 pm #2916
For this week’s photo share, I chose a group photo pf Myneca Ojo and her friends playing a round of golf at the Grandview Golf Club. What makes this picture particularly associated with this week’s topic is that the group of women had the police called on them for allegedly playing too slow. For reference, the golf club is in a largely white suburban community with many of the members being elderly white males. The African-American women were harassed repeatedly by a form count commissioner for playing too slow and eventually called the police for “taking too long of a break” after finishing a round. When the police arrived they quickly saw that they were not needed and left. What makes this situation even more ridiculous is that the only group playing behind Myncea and her group did not even complain to the management, with one from the group expressing outrage at their treatment. This situation displays the daily troubles that African Americans face in our country and is a testament to the progress that still needs to be done.
Photographer: Myneca Ojo, FB
DATE: April 25, 2018
December 2, 2018 at 9:04 pm #2918
Gentrification is a less violent yet still significant form of trespassing whose effects and even existence are often denied. Some argue that if privileged (often white) people move to a neighborhood mostly populated by a minority racial group, like an enclave or ghetto, the area will become more diverse, and the original inhabitants may enjoy better living conditions which people of political influence often bring: parks, grocery stores, safer streets, etc. But the reality is that gentrification encourages landlords to raise the prices of rent, trying to convince a wealthy new clientele that these urban areas are trendy, hip, and ripe for cultural appropriation. The existing culture eventually decays as buildings and structures are remodeled to further attract more prosperous residents. Meanwhile, exorbitantly high prices drive out the original population, contributing more to the current housing crisis.
Source: Thom Quine, 2015. https://medium.com/for-whom-cities-grow/gentrification-what-does-the-term-mean-part-1-7be9ae3616a
December 2, 2018 at 10:19 pm #2924
This week I chose an image of people participating in a “won’t be erased” protest and fighting for Trans rights. A few months ago, the Trump administration revealed that they would ignorantly define gender as only male and female. This would erase the existence of transgender and any non-binary folks. I loved the signs in this image and how everyone is coming together to fight for whats right. The signs read “The future is NOT binary”, “I exist”, “Trans Rights Now”, “Trans Revolution”. It is simply unjust for these folks to be stripped of their rights and if we stand around and let it happen we are a part of the problem and contribute to those prejudice actions so we must come together and protect these people!
Photographer: Hayne Palmour
Date: October 27, 2018
December 2, 2018 at 10:51 pm #2930
I saw a post on Instagram by @defendboyleheights, an account and collective dedicated to resisting gentrification in Boyle Heights, about how Metro bike share is a mode of gentrification which is a form of white and affluent invasion of non-white, poor space. I think Boyle Heights is a prime example of something Elijah Anderson discussed, demographic change leading to public space change and then perception change (Anderson, 10). Boyle Heights was once a predominantly poor Black neighborhood, now it has become a mix of low-income non-black latine, recently immigrated Korean people and Black people. I believe this change is demographic has made the community more desirable and able to be invaded. Implementing a Metro bike share system would give white people, gentrifiers and transports more easy access to invade and subsequently displace people from Boyle Heights. The Metro has become part of the unfortunate evolution of space (read: gentrification) which I support the resistance against. Gentrification is a form of white trespassing in to non-white space.
Source: @defendboyleheights on Instagram
date: Dec. 2, 2018
The caption (not pictured) reads: “ @metrolosangeles is one of the biggest gentrifying forces in the city! It is a “Public Agency” that acts like a private development and investment firm. Programs like @bikemetro are part of the blueprint used to gentrify our hoodz. They’re also part of the amenities development that comes with gentrification. we also know they actively work with police departments to criminalize and harass poor people. #SolidarityOrShame”
December 2, 2018 at 10:55 pm #2934
For this weeks photo share, I decided to talk about how white people, men in particular, have always felt in America they have the right to do whatever they choose to do which includes trespassing. In my High School’s DREAM Club, our focus was gaining money for the Crazy Horse memorial. We learned about the Crazy Horse Memorial and how a hundred years ago, there was a treaty between the Lakota people and the US government stating that the land belonged to the Lakota but of course, those treaties do not tend to last long and as history shows, the US government always falls back on their word and treaties. This land, The Black Hills, which is located in South Dakota was giving to the Natives but then taken away through war by the US government. Since then, the land has been restored to the Natives and they have been trying since the 1940s to build a monument in honor of Crazy horse who was a warrior for their people during times of war. I also want to point out how its located within 15 miles of Mount Rushmore and at the time of its original plan, 1946, they asked the sculptor who did Mount Rushmore to put their hero Crazy Horse on Mount Rushmore because he was a real hero and deserved to be placed on sacred land but got no response. However, for the white man, the sculptor agreed and completed Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse monument along with museum is still under construction and will be for quite sometime.
December 2, 2018 at 11:30 pm #2941
Barbeque Becky, Golfcart Gail, and Cornerstone Caroline are only a few nicknames that have been shared upon social media and used to expose the inequities that many black people face in white spaces. There are plenty of other occurrences, many being white women seemingly protecting their communities from people of color, that have spawned nicknames that are often deemed as ‘cutesy’, thus creating an issue in itself. Many believe that these names downplay the seriousness of the situation of open racism while others agree that these names carry shame upon those people that they deserve as a result of these incidents. The act of bringing in the police to remove black people is one of tension, often being an encounter that leads to violence, but seen as an act of protection in the perspective of white communities while an act of aggression from people in communities of color.
Date: October 19, 2018
Image from: Ginger Galore Williams
December 2, 2018 at 11:44 pm #2945
For Week 9 I was initially planning to use the image of Colin Kaepernick and Eric Reid kneeling during the national anthem at an NFL football game as I believe this image strongly relates to this week’s discussion of white fragility and the idea of white space as Kaepernick’s peaceful protest was met with public outcry and backlash so intense it has led to him not playing professionally since 2016. However I then chose to use a graph depicting the NFL’s racial breakdown.
African-American athletes often see their bodies objectified, and only receive support for their on-field successes. Although almost 70% of NFL players are African-American, this diversity is not reflected at coaching, office or owner levels, perhaps providing insight into why these protests against racism were so widely criticised. Although the NFL is not always viewed as a white space (sports as a place for African-American youth to excel etc), I think that its underlying power structures prove that it is, and in times like this when that power is ‘threatened’ white fragility is highlighted, with players being accused of disrespecting America, its military etc., when they are simply exercising their right to peacefully protest racial injustice against American citizens. Kaepernick himself stated that when he feels the flag is representative of all American citizens he would gladly stand for the anthem again.
Data: TIDES 2017 NFL Report, https://www.tidesport.org/copy-of-nba (Richard Lapchick, 17th October 2017)
Graph: https://qz.com/1287915/the-nfls-racial-makeup-explains-much-of-it (Nikhil Sonnad, 24th May 2018)
December 2, 2018 at 11:54 pm #2949
This image relates to “White Fragility,” specifically regarding segregation and color lines. Unfortunately, the absolute insult to a beloved cartoon must be brought back up: Avatar: The Last Airbender movie released in 2010. The movie is a clear example of how individuals strive to keep the media as a white space. In the cartoon, nearly all characters were drawn as non-white characters; in the movie, the three heroes are white–or at least white-passing–while the villain is played by Dev Patel.
This is an example of segregation and colorism because it purports the dominant system that stories are told from the white, Eurocentric narrative and that people who cannot pass as white are trespassing or can be threatening to the “peace.” This also served to dissuade young people that people who look like them can be properly represented on the screen–not as stereotypes, but as complex human beings with good friends.
Article by Hatty Lee (2010)
December 2, 2018 at 11:57 pm #2953
For this weeks photo share’s theme: trespassing, I chose a photograph from the incident on April 15, 2018 regarding the arrest of two African American men that were waiting for their friend inside of a Starbucks. They were asked to leave from one of the employees since they stayed inside the place and didn’t order anything. Six police officers were called in assistance to arrest them, with the two guys remaining calm during the whole incident. According to some of the footage, their friend arrived and was upset with the whole situation, which showed an example of racial profiling. From this incident, Starbucks CEO issued an apology for such actions that occurred that day. The police commissioner commented on defending his police officers, “…They were called there, for a service, and that service had to do with quelling a disturbance, a disturbance that had to do with trespassing. These officers did absolutely nothing wrong.” This has caused such protests to occur. According to the reading from Robin DiAngelo, I felt that the definition of “White Fragility” relates to such incident. White Fragility is known as “a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves.” I felt like the actions from the Starbucks employee to call in the police due to some sort of discomfort of having these two African American men hanging around was a form of defensive move to provide a racial comfort.
Photographer: Washington Post
Date of source: April 16, 2018
December 3, 2018 at 12:00 am #2959
For this week’s photo share, I chose an image from the film Hidden Figures. The image is of Taraji P. Henson (who is portraying Katherine Johnson) as she is surrounded by her white male coworkers. Katherine Johnson was a mathematician that was instrumental in helping to get Alan Shepard, “the first American man in space) to space. I thought this picture fit perfect into our discussion about the invasion of people of color into white spaces, because not only was Johnson infiltrating a “white space” but also a space devoid of women. In our reading for this week Elijah Johnson describes white spaces as having a majority of white people and in which indigenous people and African Americans are often seen as trespassing, this film illustrates just that. It shows how a black woman was often bullied an undermined because not only was she a woman but also a woman of color. This picture is also significant because it was from a movie that starred 3 black women and spoke of 3 historically black females, which rarely happens.
December 3, 2018 at 12:13 am #2964
This photo is of signage for federally-restricted Alaska Native allotted lands, indicating that no trespassing is allowed. I found this photo interesting because most of our class discussion has focused on incidences in which (primarily) white women have individually enforced what they deem to be “no trespassing” laws for people who these women do not believe belong in certain “white spaces.” However, this photo gives acknowledgment to native lands’ heritage and ownership that is legally recognized by federal law to belong to Alaska Natives. I found this photo empowering because the signage against trespassing is based on a formal recognition of historical sacred land, not simply on entitlement and a socially constructed racial hierarchy; giving a voice to a marginalized group that had everything taken away from them, to instead reinstate that their space is not one to be claimed or conquered.
Photographer: Jacob Resneck
Date: July 18, 2018
December 3, 2018 at 1:14 am #2968
I chose this image of a woman holding a sign that says “legalize black!” for this weeks theme of trespassing because in many of the cases that we discussed in class (such as the Yale grad student napping in one of the lounges, or the man shot and killed in his own apartment, or the two men waiting inside of a Starbucks), the only justification for their “removal” of perceived white spaces was their being black. As such, simply being black in a white space is such an offense that people often feel an obligation to protect these spaces, whether it be by harassment of the individuals or calling law enforcement to do so. Thus the implication of the sign that being black in a white space is, in essence and in practice, illegal, is valid and in dire need of being addressed and corrected.
Bastiaan Slabbers, April 2018
- This reply was modified 1 month, 2 weeks ago by HOLLY LUNG.
December 3, 2018 at 6:48 am #2978
I chose this photo for the theme of trespassing, because there has been a long and horrific history of allegations of trespassing on seemingly public spaces. This picture of children carrying a sign containing the message “free the beach” reminded me of the story of the Black man being arrested in a Starbucks due to him simply “looking like he didn’t belong there”. Like Starbucks, beaches, especially in California, are public spaces owned by Mother Nature. I feel, as human, we cannot really lay claim over them, and who is or is not allowed to occupy those beaches. Beaches are also similar to Starbucks stores in that they can portray a symbol of wealth–if you can afford a $6 latte, you can also probably afford to live close to the beach in California. There are just too many parallels in the theme of trespassing, and I wonder when people of color will no longer be deemed by society as “looking like they just do not belong”.
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