ESPINA Timeline

We have conducted a battery of anthropometric measures, a detailed assessment of neurobehavioral development, quantification of acetylcholinesterase activity and other pesticide exposure measures, assayed hormone levels, and collected and stored samples for biomarker assessments, and collected geospatial information of homes and flower plantations in the county. Additionally, we conducted in-person surveys of parents and floricultural workers. For more details see the Survey Data, Geospatial, Anthropometry, Neurocognition and Mental Health, Biomarkers, and Chemical Biomonitoring pages.